Many people ponder what the equator is and how it came to be. It is a highly scientific entity that is considered an imaginary line around the middle of Earth. It is halfway between the North and South Pole. Its latitude is considered zero degrees. This is why we have the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. The total circumference around the Earth is around twenty five thousand miles. The gravitational pull of the Earth makes the equatorial regions perfect for space launches. That is why NASA is located in the warmer parts of the world, not the colder. It takes less energy to launch in lower gravity and less fuel. Now, many people wonder why there are seasons. Those who love closest to the equator, usually experience much warmer months all year round. This is because it doesn’t get cold enough in that part of the atmosphere for there to be snowfall or freezing temperatures. Instead these regions usually see wet and dry seasons. This Includes long, warm rainy days that create tropical rainforests. Those who live near the equator pierce humidity often as it has higher dense air which can be advantageous to crops. Many people think that farming is just in the Spring and Fall. When living near the equator, it can be done all year long because of the advantageous weather. This includes crops like corn, yams, and plantains. Livestock also thrive in such climates because there is less of a chance they will die from a weather related issue or illness. However, this can also be negative because diseases can speed faster in much more humid regions. The beauty of biodiversity is that some all animals are different. Many birds that live in Alaska would not survive in the Amazon, and vice versa. Many know that there are differences in animals that come from different climates. As ecosystems change, so do the animals and living organisms within those environments. Certain plants need more humid air than others which is why so many different ecosystems exit. Furthermore, the science behind the equator is determined by longitude and latitude. This is the sum of meridians of longitude and parallels of lattices which establish the framework of exact positions. Each place on the earth has its own longitude and latitude and that is all thanks to the coordinates from the equators. Lastly, the countries that pass through the equator are as follows; Colombia, Brazil, Sao Tome and Principe, Gabon, Republic of Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Maldives, Somalia, Indonesia, Kiribati, and Ecuador. There are millions that visit these locations every year because of the beautiful weather and amazing views. Finally, the equator was established in 1736 by a French geodesic expedition team led by Charles-Marie de La Condamine. There is so much more to learn about the equator which excited people like Andrew Napolitano.