CLEP Federalism Practice Test >> Exam 1

Question 1 of 30
Date: 22/04/2019 21:36:52
Time Remaining :
1) Funding programs given for general purposes and/or with fewer use restrictions than categorical grants are ___________________ grants.
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2) Through the civil rights legislation and ?Great Society? programs such as Medicare and the War of Poverty‚ President_________________ ’s administration shifted even greater power to the federal government In the 1960s.
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3) The Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution gives Congress power to regulate commerce among states (interstate commerce)‚ including the power to regulate interstate navigation.This was __________ vs. Ogden (1824) case.
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4) Funding is given to states or municipalities by the federal government . It is a_____________ -______________- _________________funding ; the earliest example of this type of funding was in the form of land grants made in order for states to finance education.
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5) A type of funding earmarked or intended for a specific purpose defined by federal law‚ is a _______________ grant.
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6) How the Constitution divides and shares power between the central (federal) government and constituent state governments is described in a _______________ term.
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7) ?New Federalism‚? which focused on special revenue sharing and block grants in order to place money in the hands of state and local governments‚ was attempted by President________________ to return power to the states.
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8) A Federalist who served as chief justice from 1801-1835‚ believed in strong national government‚ established the Court’s ability to exercise judicial review‚ and expanded the power of the federal government. This was Early Supreme Court Justice John__________________ .
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9) A federal law or court ruling requires that states comply with or take a certain action whether or not the state is receiving federal aid. These are ______________ federal government controls on state government activities.
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10) When Republicans were attempting to gain majority in the House‚ during the 1994 midterm election‚ House Republicans presented an agenda known as the____________ ____________ ____________ ‚ which emphasized the return of power to the states and the implementation of reforms in the federal government.
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11) A federal law or court ruling requires that states comply with or take a certain action in order to receive federal funding or aid. This is a _____________________ of aid ‚ which is a type of federal government control on state government activities.
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12) States and the federal government are supreme in their own spheres and are kept separate. This is an interpretation of _____________ Federalism.
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13) Power to the states was given by cutting federal spending‚ giving money to states with fewer ?strings? attached‚ and encouraging the states to administer and fund programs such as food stamps and aid to families with dependent children. This was given by President_________________ ’s administration .
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14) When the federal government’s power grew in order to adequately address and respond to the problems caused by the Great Depression; ____________________ federalism was a theory that emerged during the New Deal. The idea of this theory is that many responsibilities of state and federal governments overlap and therefore no clear distinction exists between the functions of state and federal governments.
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