CLEP Federal Courts,The Judiciary,Judicial Interpretation Part 1 Practice Test >> Exam 1

Question 1 of 30
Date: 22/04/2019 21:56:20
Time Remaining :
1) Whether or not there is enough evidence for a criminal suspect to be tried in court‚ is determined by a ___ ____ composed of between 24 to 48 jurors.
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2) The decisions of state supreme courts cannot be challenged by the federal Supreme Court‚ & the State supreme courts and the federal Supreme Court are completely _____.
3) In certain cases‚ the defendant cannot go to jail or be executed‚ but rather‚ the punishment usually involves monetary damages. Cases involving such disputes that arise between private individuals‚ such as disputes over money‚ family‚ contracts‚ property‚ personal well-being‚ etc are tried in ___ court.
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4) The punishment will involve ____ ‚When a jury or judge decides that the defendant is guilty In a civil case.
5) Pick all the statements that are NOT false of United States Circuit Courts of Appeal?
6) A specific geographic area is covered by courts of appeal called a circuit‚ and there are ___ US courts of appeal.
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7) Which type(s) of cases ? Is heard by The U.S. Supreme Court‚ established by the Constitution as the highest federal court.
8) The authority to conduct a trial and determine guilt or innocence‚ and hear both civil and criminal cases is held by United States Federal ___Courts having original jurisdiction.
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9) Cases that arise as a result of violation of the Constitution‚ treaties‚ or laws of the United States‚ federal courts can hear ?federal ___? cases‚ according to the Constitution.
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10) Federal courts can hear ?_? cases‚ cases that involve citizens from different states‚ according to the Constitution.
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11) "Who is the individual or individuals bringing the charges or lawsuit‚ in court cases.Who is the individual or individuals who the lawsuit is brought against or who is charged with a crime ‚ in court cases."
12) How many district courts are there in U.S?
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13) State courts that generally serve at the county level and hear both criminal and civil cases are known as ____courts.
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14) The criminal defendant agrees to plead guilty‚ generally to a lesser charge than the original crime‚ in exchange for a lesser sentence‚ This is a ____ _____ agreement made in approximately 95% of criminal court cases .
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15) ______ ‚ in which majority of the federal court cases are first heard.
16) Decisions are made in US courts of appeal. Describe how they are made?
17) Instead of taking the case to a trial‚ the two parties involved in a dispute or lawsuit may agree to reach a __ and each give up certain demands‚ in a civil case.
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18) What should an attorney must prove to win a civil case for a plaintiff?
19) In a certain criminal case‚ the defendant‚ who lives in Massachusetts‚ is accused of murdering a man in his Boston residence. The defendant is the ___ and the prosecution is the ___ in this scenario.
20) One or more Supreme Court justices who agree with the majority’s decision but do not agree with the rationale behind the decision‚ is a written statemen and is a ___opinion.
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21) What is the president’s primary concern usually‚ while appointing a Supreme Court justice.
22) A draft document which states the Court’s decision on the Suprement Court case and explains how the Court reached that decision‚ after voting on a case is known as a majority ____.
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23) In an attempt to influence the Court’s decision‚ Interest groups who are associated with one of the sides in a Supreme Court case will file ___ curiae (?friend of the court?) briefs.
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24) What is a Supreme Court decision called as ? in which at least 5 out of the 9 justices agree but a unanimous agreement is not reached.
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25) The Supreme Court will only hear cases if the case involves a legal‚ not political dispute‚ and a ___ question.
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26) Suppose if there is a tie in the U.S. Supreme Court case‚ what is the outcome of the event?
27) In order to have a majority vote on a case‚how many (minimum) Supreme Court Justices must agree ?
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28) A Supreme Court case that upheld state laws restricting the working hours of women was a landmark and it was _____Oregon (1908).
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29) The Supreme Court under Justice Marshall nullified certain terms of the Judicial Act of 1789 because the terms violated the Constitution by attempting to widen the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. This process of judicial review came about as a result of the case Marbury v. ____ (1803).
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30) Supreme Court follows a doctrine known as _____‚to uphold the body of existing case law by making a decision on a case based on legal precedent‚ that is based on how similar cases have been ruled on in the past.

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