CLEP Civil Liberties Part 1 Practice Test >> Exam 1

Question 1 of 30
Date: 18/01/2019 22:30:09
Time Remaining :
1) The standard imposed by the courts allowing states to provide exemptions to laws based on religious reasons is known as the _____________ restrictive means test when applied to the free exercise of religion.
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2) Whether or not speech can be labeled as obscene (and thus not protected by the First Amendment) can be determined by the ________ test which is based on the 3-part obscenity test that needs to meet all three criteria.
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3) Certain types of speech are not protected under the First Amendment guarantee of freedom of speech as ruled by the Supereme Court.
4) The Establishment Clause of the Constitution that states that Congress cannot give any one religion preference over another or establish an official national religion‚ has been used by the Supreme Court to do which of the following? (pick all that apply)
5) Demonstrators and protesters have restricted rights in privately owned businesses such as malls as a result of the Supreme Court case Lloyd Corporation v. __________ (1972).
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6) The _____ position doctrine can be used by the Supreme Court which states that freedom of speech and press can only be restricted in order to prevent severe‚ imminent threats to the United States.
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7) Freedom of speech and press may be limited by the government in which of the following situations?
8) The ________ component examines if laws are fair and ___________ component determines if they have been applied fairly.
9) Freedom of religion and right to own property‚ are civil ___________ freedoms guaranteed to every citizen by the Bill of Rights and due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. These are intended to protect citizens from abuses of government or government interference.
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10) Civil liberty protections and the right to due process applicable to the states as well as to the federal government is extended by the ___________ Amendment.
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11) Citizens were protected from the abuses of the federal and state governments by the Bill of Rights (first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution).
12) The Supreme Court case ______ v. Alabama (1940)‚ established and upheld the freedom of assembly by declaring that unionized workers are allowed to legally participate in union strikes since this form of participation was protected under the First Amendment right to freedom of assembly.
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13) Boy Scouts of America v. ________ (2000)‚ allows private organizations to select criteria for membership and force out members based on sexual preference.
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14) In 1937 Justice Cardozo compiled an ?Honor Roll? of ?fundamental? and ?nonfundamental? civil liberties in order to determine which civil liberties promised in the Constitution were part of the due process clause and thus applied on a state level which resulted in the _____________ rule. This judicial rule (with minor variations) lasted until the 1960s.
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15) President Roosevelt’s Executive Order 9066‚ requiring Americans with Japanese ancestry to report to assembly and relocation centers during World War II was upheld by the landmark 1944 Supreme Court case _________ v US.
16) The government is not allowed to interfere with a person’s right to practice his/her religion or faith is stated by the ____________ Clause of the First Amendment. Congress cannot give one certain religion preference over another or establish an official national religion is stated by the ____________ Clause.
17) People cannot object to a law dealing with nonreligious issues on the bases of a religious belief as stated by the ___________ regulation rule.
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18) Area regarding invidiuals’ civil liberties‚ in recent years as per the Supreme Court rulings have ________
19) The belief that government assistance with religion must be neutral and be made available to all religious groups is what many judicial rulings on the freedom of religion as guaranteed under the First Amendment have tended to lean towards government _______
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20) In order to extend most civil liberties ensured in the Bill of Rights to state laws‚ the late 19th and 20th centuries saw the Supreme Court using ___________ incorporations.
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21) When any government law or action infringes on any basic civil liberty‚ the ____________ scrutiny is the standard judicial review ensures that the government must have a compelling interest in order to justify the restriction and must use the least restrictive means for achieving the compelling interest.
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22) The Supreme Court’s ruling on limitations on freedom of speech and that not all forms of speech are protected under the First Amendment include which of the following kinds of freedom of speech:
23) Amish families are allowed to pull their children out of public school for religious reasons was established by the 1972 Supreme Court case Wisconsin v. ____________.
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24) The principle of ____________ ensures that the government must respect all legal rights of a citizen under the law.
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25) The rights of freedom of speech and of assembly as per the First Amendment collectively give Americans the implied right to the freedom of _______‚ allowing people to choose the groups or organizations that they belong to as long as those groups do not pose a threat to the nation’s security.
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26) Which of the following statements of the 1925 Supreme Court case Gitlow vs. New York are true (pick all that apply).
27) Pick any or all that of the applicable statements that are not protected by the First Amendment.
28) In the event that free speech poses a threat to people or puts anyone in harm’s way‚ then __________ that the government can interfere.
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29) As per the Supreme Court‚ the First Amendment right to freedom of assembly allows individuals to do which of the following from the statements given below (pick all that apply)
30) The Fourteenth Amendment principle of ______________ requires all state governments must respect all civil liberties guaranteed to a person under the Constitution and US law‚ such as protection of citizens from being sent to prison without a trial.
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