Queen Elizabeth II (Christened Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor) was born on April 21, 1926 in London and was the first child of Prince Albert, Duke of York (subsequently King George VI) and his wife Elizabeth Boyes-Lyon. She ascended the throne on 6 Feb 1952 after the death of the father King George VI. In 2012, she completes 60 years on the throne making her the 2nd longest reigning British Monarch after Queen Victoria, her great great-grand mother. She is the constitutional Monarch of the Commonwealth Realm, head of the Commonwealth of Nations and is also bestowed with the honor of being the Supreme Governor of the Church of England.
Most of her early years were spent at 145 Piccadilly, her family home in London and at White Lodge in Richmond Park. In the year 1930, her only sister Princess Margaret was born. They both were educated at home. During the World War II, at the age of 14, she got involved in several public duties and began to accompany her parents to various trips around the world. She was also appointed Colonel-in-Chief of the Grenadier Guards at the age of 16 in 1942.
On 20th Nov 1947, she was married to her distant cousin Prince Phillip, Duke of Edinburgh, at the Westminster Abbey. They together had 4 children of their own named Charles, Anne, Andrew and Edward.
She was heir presumptive and was 3rd in line of succession to the throne. After her uncle King Edward VIII abdicated the throne and her father George VI passed away in 1952, she was acceded to the throne, coronation followed the next year after which Elizabeth and Philip moved to the Buckingham Palace.
She travelled the world and was the first Monarch in history to circumnavigate the world. Apart from few controversies involving the Royal family, her tenure has been remarkably uncontroversial and she still remains hugely popular among the masses and the world Leaders. She has been a patron of charitable causes. Silver and golden jubilees of her reign were celebrated with much pomp and show in 1977 and 2002 and massive celebration planning are underway this year to commemorate the diamond jubilee.