Zion National Park

Zion National Park Information

Zion National Park
IUCN Category II (National Park)
Zion National Park Location Washington, Kane, and Iron counties, Utah, United States
Zion National Park Nearest city Springdale, Utah(south), Orderville, Utah (east) and Cedar City, Utah near Kolob Canyons entrance Nearest city: Springdale, Utah(south), Orderville, Utah (east) and Cedar City, Utah near Kolob Canyons entrance
Zion National Park Coordinates 37°18′0″N 113°3′0″W
Zion National Park Area 146,598 acres (593 km2), 143,035.07 acres (579 km2) federal
Zion National Park Established July 31, 1909 Established: July 31, 1909
Zion National Park Visitors 2,697,182 (in 2007)
Zion National Park Governing body National Park Service

Zion National Park Fees & Reservations

  • Zion National Park WEEKLY PASSES
    1. Private Vehicle: $25. Valid for 7 days.
    2. Motorcycle: $12. Valid for 7 days.
    3. Per Person: $12. Valid for 7 days.
    • Non-commercial vehicles (Vehicle capacity of 14 or less) - $25.00
    • Non-commercial vehicles (Capacity of 15 or greater) - $12.00 per person
  • Zion National Park COMMERCIAL TOURS
    1. 1-6 Passengers ($35.00 + $12.00 per passenger not to exceed $70.00) - $35.00
    2. 7-15 Passengers - $70.00
    3. 16-25 Passengers - $80.00
    4. 26 and above Passengers - $190.00

Zion National Park Outdoor Activities

  • Bicycling
  • Birdwatching (207 species of birds)
  • Hiking
  • Horseback Riding
  • Photography
  • Ranger-led Activities
  • Wildflowers & Fall Colors

Zion National Park Visitor Services and Protection

Visitation: 2,589,250 (2006)

Frontcountry Camping (limited to 14 days)
Watchman Campground: 152 sites (hookups, reservations April-Oct.)
South Campground: 127 sites (no reservations)
Lava Point Campground: 6 sites (primitive, no reservations)

Picnic Areas: 4 (Grotto, Kolob Canyons, Nature Center, Zion Canyon VC)

Backcountry Use (2006)

  • Backcountry Camp Sites: 41
  • Total Permits issued: 7677
  • Overnight Backpacking Permits: 2960
  • Technical Canyoneering (Day Use): 4461
  • Climbing Bivouacs: 198

Hiking trails: 120 miles

Zion National Park Climate and Weather

Annual Precipitation: 15 inches (Zion Canyon)
Temperature Extremes: Highest: 115 F (July 13, 2002; Zion Canyon)
Lowest: –2 F (January 1, 1989; Zion Canyon)

Zion National Park Geology

Rock layer Appearance Location Deposition Rock type
Dakota Formation Cliffs Top of Horse Ranch Mountain Streams Conglomerate and sandstone
Carmel Formation Cliffs Mt Carmel Junction Shallow sea and coastal desert Limestone, sandstone and gypsum
Temple Cap Formation Cliffs Top of West Temple Desert Sandstone
Navajo Sandstone Steep cliffs 1,600 to 2,200 ft (490 to 670 m)

thick; red lower layers are colored by iron oxides

Tall cliffs of Zion Canyon; highest exposure is West Temple. Cross-bedding shows well at Checkerboard Mesa (photo) Desert sand dunes covered 150,000 mi2 (390,000 km2).Shifting winds during deposition created cross-bedding Sandstone
Kayenta Formation Rocky slopes Throughout canyon Streams Siltstone and sandstone
Moenave Formation Slopes and ledges Lower red cliffs seen from Zion Human History Museum Streams and ponds Siltstone and sandstone
Chinle Formation Purplish slopes Above Rockville Streams Shale, loose clay and conglomerate
Moenkopi Formation Chocolate cliffs with white bands Rocky slopes from Virgin to Rockville Shallow sea Shale, siltstone, sandstone, mudstone, and limestone
Kaibab Formation Cliffs Hurricane Cliffs along I-15 near Kolob Canyons Shallow sea Limestone

Zion National Park Hotels & Lodging

Name Neighborhood
Best Western East Zion Thunderbird Lodge Near the East Entrance
Canyon Ranch Motel Outside the Park
El Rio Lodge in Zion Canyon Outside the Park
Golden Hills Motel Near the East Entrance
Mukuntuweep RV Park & Campground Near the East Entrance
Zion Park Motel Outside the Park
Best Western Zion Park Inn Outside the Park
Cliffrose Lodge & Gardens Outside the Park
Desert Pearl Inn Outside the Park
Driftwood Lodge Outside the Park
Flanigan's Inn Outside the Park
Harvest House Bed & Breakfast at Zion Outside the Park
Historic Pioneer Lodge and Restaurant Outside the Park
Under the Eaves Inn Outside the Park
Zion Lodge In the Park
Zion Mountain Resort Near the East Entrance
Zion Ponderosa Ranch Resort Near the East Entrance