Maps represent an area which is represented by objects, themes and regions. There are two dimensional and three dimensional maps with accurate information. Most maps are used to portray geography and may also represent real or spaced objects with regard to scale or context.
Map making or cartography is the practice or study of crafting representations of the earth on a flat surface. The person who specializes in making maps is known as a cartographer. The most common and widely used are the road maps. They also include bicycling maps and hiking maps, aeronautical and nautical charts, and railroad network maps. Most local surveys are done which are carried out by tax assessors, utilities, municipalities and emergency services providers.
Maps are also used to indicate temperature and rainfall. These days new electronic maps are introduced which give a more precise picture about the area. Since it is very time consuming for cartographers to manually name places, they have come up with an automatic label placement. This is very easy to process. Though we have the latest electronic maps, many people prefer using maps that have conventional symbols and signs. For example- forest, roads and water bodies are classified by symbols.
The non geographical spatial maps consist of cosmological features like moon and star maps. These are not considered as geological maps. Appropriate labeling, accuracy and scale are very important for maps as they are guidelines that everyone follows.