Tourism is traveling primarily for leisure or relaxation reasons or making services available to maintain this leisure pursuit.

Tourism is imperative for several nations, thanks to the income produced by the utilization of products and services by travelers, the taxes imposed on tourism industry based business concerns, and job prospects in the tourism service sector such as hotels and restaurants, car rentals and cruises, health spas and leisure spots.

Types of Tourism

Agritourism necessitates tourists staying on farms to help with farming activities and participating in agricultural festival and events. Tourists can work as ranch hands or assist with picking fruit and vegetables.

Backpacking Tourism entails traveling on a shoestring budget, with little luggage, using public transport and living in cheap accommodation.

Cultural Tourism involves traveling to distant places to study a country's history and culture, traditional arts and crafts, language and cuisine and includes touring museums and theatres.

Disaster Tourism refers to touring a disaster region due to heightened interest generated by a natural or manmade calamity. For instance, after Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans, there are conducted bus tours to show tourists the worst hit neighbourhoods.

Ecological Tourism is of interest to people who are environmentally and communally conscious. Ecotourism highlights local flora, fauna, and heritage, protection of the ecosystem, percolating socio-economic benefits to local people, encouraging recycling and emphasizing environmentally responsible behaviour.

Extreme Tourism involves going to perilous, inaccessible sites (cliffs, forests, wastelands, caverns, etc.) or partaking in dangerous actions. Extreme tourism entails pushing oneself to extreme physical limits and involves a high risk factor.

Medical Tourism refers to the practice of going to another country to get quality medical care, such as organ replacement, cardiac or cosmetic surgery. Tourists travel abroad for health care because of superior technology, reasonable medical expenses, reduced wait times, and a more personalized form of nursing.

Pilgrimage Tourism involves going on a journey to places of religious importance, such as holy shrines, which are an integral part of peoples' faiths and beliefs. For instance, Muslims go on the annual Hajj, Buddhists travel to Bodh Gaya and Hindus visit the Chardam.

Sex Tourism implies traveling to take part in sexual activities and is usually resorted by wealthy travelers who may pay in cash or kind for services provided.

Space Tourism is a recent trend where people journey into outer space, chiefly for personal pleasure. It appeals to many individuals because of its once-in-a-lifetime experience, the wonder of gazing at earth from space and the benefits of weightlessness.

Sustainable Tourism is where travelers value and help protect a destination's economic, ecological, and socio-cultural equilibrium. Sustainable tourism helps in conservation of resources, supports locally manufactured products, and backs businesses that safeguard the local heritage.

Virtual Tourism implies planning ahead of departure, using various sources like the internet and travel guides, to gain insights about places and peoples to make intelligent decisions.

Tourism has immense potential and needs to be harnessed properly to reap rich benefits.