Thal Desert

Thal Desert History

Situated in the Punjab region of Pakistan, the Thal is a vast desert between the Sindh and Jhelum rivers close to the Pothohar Plateau. It stretches for about 190 miles from the north to south and 70 miles along the breadth. The landscape is very similar to the Thar and Cholistan deserts.

Climate / Weather Forecast

The climatic conditions in Thal is tropical and has sporadic annual rainfall of 250 mm. Strong gusty winds cause sand storms in summer. Temperatures soar high with summer temperatures going up to 50° C.

Facts

Country Pakistan
Length 305 km (190 mi), N/S
Biome Desert
Location Between the Jhelum and Sindh rivers near the Pothohar Plateau

People, Culture and Society

The predominant population is that of the native muslims and many desert tribes that have been residing here since ages. Some of the tribes include: Saigra, Cheenna, Gahi, Bhutta and Pushia. Saraiki is the local Thali dialect that is spoken by the people of Thal. Punjabi is another language commonly used here. Before the partition of India and Pakistan, the population consisted of Hindus and Sikhs. The Thal people suffer from acute shortage of water and hence a man-made canal system known as the Thal canal has been constructed in recent times to the relief of the people of this desert.

Animals of Thal Desert

The Berrela is a camel variety that is native of the Thal . They are very strong breed of camels that are built in a heavy frame. They are very popular among the people of this desert and are usually reared for their milk. They are excellent modes of transport across this sandy region. Black bucks, jackals, pigs, porcupines, deer, desert foxes and many types of lizards form the wild life of this desert.

Falcons, buzzards, eagles and owls are the most common bird varieties found in the Thal desert. They are well adapted to the arid conditions and scarce water sources. Sand boa, crates, vipers and the black cobra are among the snakes found in this region.

Plants & Trees

Various types of Acacia are native to this desert and used as sources of food. Fruits of Capparis and Prosopis are collected for consumption and can be seen in the local markets. Many types of herbs are native to this desert and are useful for medicinal purposes.

Thal Desert Photos & Pics

Thal Desert Image
Thal Desert Image
Thal Desert Canal
Thal Desert Canal
Thal Desert Home
Thal Desert Home
Thal Desert On Pakistan Map
Thal Desert On Pakistan Map