The first emperor of the Qin dynasty of China lived during the second century BC. His mausoleum at the foot of the Lishan mountain was constructed in such a way so as to depict the capital of the Qin dynasty, Xianyang. The construction began in 246 BC and was completed in 208 BC. In the mausoleum’s sacrificial pit were placed the Qin Terracotta Army warriors.
In 1974, peasants digging a well found some pottery which archaeologists determine to be associated with the Qin dynasty and came to be known as the Qin Terracotta Army Warriors.
Facts Pertaining to the Qin Terracotta Army Warriors
- At the peak of construction, around 720,000 workers were employed to build the mausoleum.
- There are three main pits of Terracotta Army warriors. The pits are primarily underground tunnels and are made of wood and mud.
- The first pit represents the main body of the army, namely, the infantry.
- The second pit depicts an army comprising the infantry, cavalry as well as soldiers in chariots.
- The third pit represents the headquarters from which commands were issued to the armies in the other pits.
- The Qin Terracotta Army Warriors have helped to understand better the details of the military warfare of the Qins, as well as the economy, politics and culture prevailing during their rule.
- The museum which includes all extends to 16,300 square meters.
- Over 7400 warriors and horses, hundred chariots and 40,000 bronze weapons can be found in these pits.
- It is located in the east of Lintong County, 21.7 miles away from the city of Xi’an.
Terracotta Army Information
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|Terracotta Army Inscription History
||1987 (11th Session)
Weather and Climate Conditions at Xi’an – Home to the Qin Terracotta Army Warriors
The temperature at Xi’an is temperate and semi-arid. The summers are hot and humid whereas the winters are dry and cold. Rainfall occurs between August and October. They may be occasional snow in winter. Xi’an experiences dust storms and brief thunderstorms in March and April. Thel average temperature is 13.7° C. The minimum temperature is -20.6° C while the maximum temperature is 42.9° C.
Things to See and Things to Do at the Pits of the Qin Terracotta Army Warriors
- Since October 2010, the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum and the museum of the Qin Terracotta Army warriors have been combined into one tourist area.
- Three other sites, namely, the Museum of Terracotta Army Acrobatics, the Museum of Terracotta Army Civil Officials and the Museum of Stone Armor are also now open to the public.
Terracotta Army Entrance Fee
- Recommended Time for a Visit : Three Hours
Terracotta Army Hours
See Also Other Natural Wonders in Asia