The literal meaning of the word “Teotihuacan” is “The City of the Gods” or “Where Men become Gods”. Located near Mexico City, it is known to be a mystical city. Archaeologists have shown a deep interest in this place as it has some of the largest pyramidal structures. The Avenue of the Dead or large residential complexes also makes this destination very interesting. Murals can be seen on these buildings that are quite colorful and are preserved well. This site has been built in the pre-Columbian Americas. People are always curious to know about life in such remote places and mystery always makes them more curious.
Around 100 BCE, this city was established and continued to undergo further development until 250BCE. The city reached prominence in the first half of the 1st millennium AD. It is believed to be one of the largest cities in pre-Columbian Americas with about 200,000 inhabitants. To accommodate increasing population, several multi-floor apartment compounds were also erected. It is believed that Teotihuacan had great influence on Mesoamerica. A debate was going on regarding the ethnicity of its inhabitants and historians believed that the inhabitants could have been Nahua, Otomi and Totonac.
|Criteria||I, II, III, IV, VI|
|Teotihuacan Inscription History|
|Inscription||1987 (11th Session)|
Teotihuacan is located about 25 miles north east of Mexico City. Due to its beautiful pyramids and temples, it is considered to be a glorious city. Houses in Teotihuacan are made up of wood and adobe. Concrete was used to make their walls and floors. Religion was practiced everywhere and the inhabitants were polytheists, meaning belief in one God. Teotihuacans believed that the world was created in Teotihuacan and the time began.
Teotihuacan is divided into four sections by the Avenue of the Dead. Around 400 BC, this place was just a small settlement and rose to prominence during 750BC. Moon and Sun pyramids are the most popular monuments to be seen in Teotihuacan. Early leaders of Teotihuacan are believed to have been resting here. To climb the steps of these pyramids for rituals and ceremonies, only priests were allowed.
The weather in Teotihuacan mainly remains cloudy with an average temperature of 63 degrees. One can travel to this place year round. The rainy season ranges from May to September. October to April is the best time to visit Teotihuacan.
Pyramid of the sun is a very popular must see in Teotihuacan. This structure was built between 100 and 150 AD and rebuilt later after fifty to seventy five years. It is such a huge structure that it overshadows surrounding structures. Another structure worth visiting is Pyramid of moon which was built in the Cerro Gordo Hills. It was also built in the first century AD and rebuilt later after fifty to seventy five years. It is 138 feet tall and 492 feet across one side of the base.
Pyramid of the Feathered Serpent is the smallest pyramid in Teotihuacan. The then ruler ordered to build this pyramid in 150 AD. As the name suggests, huge serpent heads covered the pyramid. It was a symbol of rulership and therefore the ruler who ordered its construction was buried inside.