Temple of Heaven

History

  • The Ming Emperor Yongle , who was responsible for the construction of the Forbidden City, also constructed the Temple of Heaven.  The construction began in 1406 and went on till 1420. In the 16th century, the Emperor Jiajing extended the complex and it was named the Temple of Heaven.  The Qing Emperor Qianlong, renovated it in the 18th century.
  • In ancient China, the emperor was considered as the ‘Son of Heaven’ and performed various sacrifices. The Temple of Heaven was built for the purpose of performing these ceremonies.
  • Repeated occupation during war time resulted in desecration of the temple. Neglect in later years resulted in severe damage.

Facts Related to the Temple of Heaven

  • The Temple of Heaven lies in Southern Beijing.
  • It is the largest complex of existing sacrificial buildings of ancient China. 
  • It occupies an area of 273 hectares.
  • It is included in the world cultural heritage list.
  • The surroundings of the temple are used as a park.
  • The design and layout of the Temple of Heaven influenced the architecture in the Far East for many centuries. 
Temple of Heaven

Temple of Heaven Information

State Party China
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iii
Reference 881
Region Asia-Pacific
Temple of Heaven Inscription History
Inscription 1998  (22nd Session)

Weather and Climate Conditions at the Temple of Heaven

Summers at Beijing are hot and humid, the cause being the East Asian monsoon. The average temperature of July is 26.20° C.  The winters are cold, dry and windy due to the Siberian anticyclone. -3.7° C is the average temperature in January.  Rainfall generally occurs in summer.  The temperature in Beijing could go as low as -27.4° C and in summer, it could go as high as 42.6° C.

Things to See and Things to Do at the Temple of Heaven

  • The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests is one of the principal buildings of the Temple of Heaven.  It is 38 meters in height and 30 meters in diameter.  It stands on a foundation of three levels of marble stones.
  • Another important building is the Imperial Vault of Heaven.  This is enclosed by the Echo Wall, which is a circular wall of polished bricks. The 360 meters long Vermilion Steps Bridge connects this vault to the Hall of Prayer. 
  • To the south of the Imperial Vault of Heaven lies the Circular Mound Altar.  This is the place from where the emperor prayed.  Here, there is a round stone at the center called the Heart of Heaven stone.  If a person stands on it and speaks, one can hear the echo.

Temple of Heaven Tickets Price

Ticket Type Nov.1-Mar.31 (next year) Apr.1-Oct.31
Entrance Fee CNY 10 CNY 15
Combination Ticket CNY 30 CNY 35
The Hall of Ceremonial Music and The Hall of Abstinence CNY 10 CNY 10
The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, The Circular Mound Altar and The Echo Wall CNY 20 CNY 20
Low Season Y10-30
High Season Y15-35

Temple of Heaven Hours

Opening Hours

  • 6:00 to 17:30 (March.1 to June.30)
  • 6:00 to 18:00 (July.1 to Oct.31)
  • 6:00 to 17:00 (Nov.1 to Feb.28)
  • Regular Opening Hours 8 AM - 6 PM
  • 06:00 - 22:00
  • From Mar.1 to Jun. 30: Combination Ticket unavailable after 16:00;
  • Scenic Spot Ticket unavailable after 17:00; Scenic Spots closed at 17:30.
  • From Jul. 1 to Oct.31: Combination Ticket unavailable after 16:30;
  • Scenic Spot Ticket unavailable after 17:30; Scenic Spots closed at 18:00.
  • From Nov.1 to Feb.28/29 (next year): Combination Ticket unavailable after 15:30;
  • Scenic Spot Ticket unavailable after 16:30; Scenic Spots closed at 17:00.

 

See Also Other Natural Wonders in Asia