Tanzania is a country located in East Africa bordered by eight countries. Dodoma being its official capital, it remains Tanzania's principal commercial city and also the principal port of the country. Tanzania, the name of the country derived from names of the two states, Tanganyika and Zanzibar but later on the country was renamed as the United Republic of Tanzania. The country is divided into 30 administrative regions. 25 regions are on the mainland in the former Tanganyika and remaining 5 on the semi-autonomous islands of Zanzibar.
Location: Located in East Africa
Capital City: Dodoma (324,347 pop.)
Geographic coordinates: 6.307°S 34.854°E
Area: Total Area: 365,753 sq miles (947,300 sq km)
Total Area occupied by Land: 342,007 sq miles (885,800 sq km)
Total Area occupied by Water: 23,745 sq miles (61,500 sq km)
Coastline: 884 miles (1,424 km)
Horizontal Width: 529.88 miles (852.77 km) from Sumbawanga east to Dar es Salaam
Vertical Length: 416.28 miles (669.94 km) from Mwanza south to Mbeya
Bordering Countries: (8) Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia
Geographic Center: About 20.63 miles (33.2 km) east of Dodoma
Highest Point: Mount Kilimanjaro 19,340 ft. (5,895 m)
Lowest Point: Indian Ocean 0m
Population: 48,261,942 (2013 est.)
Largest Cities: (by population) Dar es Salaam, Mwanza, Zanzibar, Morogoro, Mbeya, Tanga
Currency: Tanzanian Schilling
Land Divisions: There are 25 regions in Tanzania. They are
There are two rainy seasons namely warm and humid in Tanzania. From March through June, lighter rain is observed and from November through January heavy downpours and storms occur.
Average temperatures (Annually): 50-68°F (10-20°C)
Average temperatures in the warmer seasons: Typically reaches into the low 90's.
Tanzania has huge amounts of minerals. Some of the major minerals include gold, diamonds, platinum, nickel, coltan, coal, iron, uranium, chromium, tin, niobium and natural gas.
Tanzania is not only the fifteenth-largest producer of gold in the world but also contains Tanzanite, a type of precious gemstone and one of the largest rare earths oxide deposits in the world.
The incredible landforms of Tanzania are:
1. Mount Kilimanjaro: Located in northeastern Tanzania, it is the Africa's highest mountain stands at 19,340 ft. (5,895 m) tall.
2. The Rubeho Mountains: These are much lower in elevation, and a compact group of connected peaks.
3. Serengeti National Park: It is one of the world's last great wildlife refuges and Tanzania's oldest park that spans 30,000 km2 (12,000 sq mi).
4. The Selous Game Reserve: It is the world's largest game reserve and also home to the biggest elephant herd in the world.
5. The Ngorongoro Conservation Area: It is a vast protected area which includes the breeding ground for East Africa's flamingos. The still active Ol-Ndoinyo Lengai volcano, and the Ngorongoro Crater, the largest volcanic caldera on the planet forms a spectacular bowl of about 265 sq km with sides up to 600m (1,960 ft) deep.
|Map of Tanzania|