The Suez Canal connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Read Sea. The British Empire had the Suez Canal constructed; so, their ships could save time and money using this shorter route.
The Suez Canal, when it was made, was 100 miles long and the first canal to link the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. The Suez Canal has been enlarged in recent years and is now 120 miles long. The Suez Canal is also the longest canal in the world that does not have locks.
The Company owned and operated the Suez Canal for several years. However, because the owners incurred losses as the traffic and revenue generated were not as much as the company had anticipated, the owner of the Suez Canal Company sold his shares to the British. The French however, continued to be its major stakeholders.
The Suez Canal has been at the center of several disputes and has been closed five times in the last 140 years of its existence. The last time the Suez Canal was closed, it was for 8 long years.
Now the Suez Canal Authority owns and maintains the Suez Canal. However, an international treaty states that the Suez Canal may be used “in time of war as in time of peace, by every vessel of commerce or of war, without distinction of flag.”
|Original Owner||Suez Canal Company (Compagnie Universelle du Canal Maritime de Suez)|
|Construction Began||April 1859|
|Date Completed||November 1869|
|Navigation Authority||Suez Canal Authority|
|Overall length||193 km|
|From the fairway buoy to Port Said lighthouse||22.5 km|
|From the waiting area to the southern entrance||15 km|
|From Port Said to Ismailia||78.5 km|
|From Ismailia to Port Tawfik||83.65 km|
|The length of doubled parts||68 km|
|Width at water level||300/365 m|
|Width between buoys||180/205 m|
|Maximum permissible draught for ships||68 ft.|
|The canal depth||21m|
|Maximum permissible air draft||68 m|
|Cross sectional area||4500/4800 m2|
The Universal Suez Ship Canal Company, an Egyptian corporation, constructed the Suez Canal. The construction was started in the year 1859. The Suez Canal took 10 years and the labor of thousands of men before it was finally ready in the year 1869. The Suez Canal was opened for International Navigation on November 17, 1869.
The city of Suez is the second-largest port city of Egypt. It is a hundred kilometers away from Cairo and home to the Suez Canal. Its historical significance notwithstanding, it is a perfect short getaway from Egypt, especially if you are a seafood lover. A good meal of fish here would cost you half as much as what it would cost you in Cairo! Then there are the friendly locals, the pre-war houses and the view of the sea. Sitting by the Suez Canal and watching the ships go by could be the prefect way to end a lazy day.
|City of Suez Coordinates: 29°58′N 32°33′E|
|City of Suez Government|
|- Governor||Saif Al-Din Galal|
|Elevation||16 ft (5 m)|
|City of Suez Population (2004)|
|Time Zone||EST (UTC+2)|
|- Summer (DST)||+3 (UTC)|
|ITEM||UNIT||1869||1956||1962||1980||1994||1996||2001||2008||Percentage increase (1869-2001)|
|WIDTH AT 11M DEPTH||M||44||60||90||160||210||210||210||210||477%|
|MAX DRAFT OF SHIPS||FEET||22||35||38||53||56||58||62||68||282%|
|CROSS SECTIONAL AREA||M2||304||1100||1800||3600||4300||4500||4800||4800||1579%|
|MAX. TONNAGE (DWT)||TON||5000||30,000||80,000||150,000||180,000||185,000||210,000||210.000||4200%|
|From||To||Distance (N. Miles)||Saving %|