Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty is the National Monument that officially commemorated its 100th anniversary on October 28, 1986. The people of France offered the Statue to the people of the United States almost one hundred years ago in recognition of the friendly gesture manifested during the American Revolution. Over the years, the Statue of Liberty's representation has believed to incorporate freedom along with democracy as international friendship.

Weather of New York

The suitable period to visit the city of New York and the Statue of Liberty is in the months of May through July. The months of May and June are the ideal months of the year to visit and the month of July witnesses the Independence Day celebrations on 4 July and being part of New York city has its own benefits.

After the month of July, the place gets many visitations, besides the weather also gets much hotter. Hence, these months should be avoided to set out to visit New York and Statue of Liberty.

Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty Information

Location: Liberty Island, New York City, New York, U.S.
Coordinates: 40°41′21″N 74°2′40″W
Built: October 28, 1886
Architect: Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi
Visitation: 3.2 million (in 2007)
Governing body: U.S. National Park Service
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Type: Cultural
Criteria: i, vi
Designated: 1984 (8th session)
Reference #: 307
State Party:  United States
Region: Europe and North America
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
Official Name: Statue of Liberty National Monument, Ellis Island and Liberty Island
Designated: October 15, 1966
Reference #: 66000058
U.S. National Monument
Designated: October 15, 1924
Designated by: President Calvin Coolidge
New York City Landmark
Type: Individual
Designated: September 14, 1976

Artists and Fund Raising for the Statue of Liberty

Sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi was deputed to design an effigy keeping in mind the year 1876 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the American Declaration of Independence. The Statue of Liberty was a combined effort of America and France and it was decided that the American people were to erect the pedestal, and the French people were liable for the Statue and its assembly in the United States.

However, insufficient fund was a hitch on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. In France, public fees, various types of entertainment, and a lottery were among the ways facilitated to raise funds. In the United States, charity theatrical program, art exhibitions, prize fights and auctions aided in obtaining needed funds.

Meanwhile in France, Bartholdi sought the help of an engineer to handle structural issues linked with designing such a huge copper sculpture. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (the popular designer of the Eiffel Tower) was assigned to design the imminent iron pylon and minor skeleton framework which enabled the Statue's copper skin to move unaided yet stand upright. Back in America, fund raising program for the pedestal was not obtaining momentum, so Joseph Pulitzer (noted for the Pulitzer Prize) begun the editorial pages of his newspaper, "The World" to back the fund raising effort. Pulitzer facilitated his newspaper to criticize both the rich who had been unsuccessful to finance the pedestal construction and the middle class who were happy to rely upon the aristocrats to offer the funds. Pulitzer's effort of critical analysis was successful in inspiring the people of America to contribute.

Completion of Pedestal

Funding for the pedestal was completed in August of 1885, and pedestal construction was over in April of 1886. The construction of Statue was completed in France in July, 1884 and exported to New York which reached the Harbor in June in the year 1885 with on board the French frigate "Isere" which exported the Statue of Liberty from France to the United States. In the passage, the Statue was separated into 350 pieces and packed in 214 crates. The Statue was re-assembled on her fresh pedestal which took four months of time. On October 28th 1886, the statue was dedicated to country in front of a huge rush of spectators. She was a centennial gift from France ten years delayed.

Change of Hands to Statue of Liberty

The history of the Statue of Liberty and her island witnessed various change of hands. The Statue was kept upon a granite pedestal within the enclosure of Fort Wood (which was completed for the War of 1812.) The United States Lighthouse Board was entrusted up the liability of the operation of the Statue of Liberty until 1901. Post 1901, the care and functioning of the Statue of Liberty was taken up by the War Department. A Presidential Proclamation proclaimed Fort Wood (and the Statue of Liberty within it) a National Monument on October 15th, 1924 and the monument's fencing was placed at the outer edge of Fort Wood. Yet in 1933, the care and administration of the National Monument was shifted to the National Park Service. On September 7, 1937, jurisdiction was expanded and all of Bedloe's Island was encompassed and in 1956, the island's name was rechristened and hanged to Liberty Island. On May 11, 1965, Ellis Island also came within the jurisdiction of the National Park Service and became part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument. In May of 1982, President Ronald Reagan assigned Lee Iacocca to lead a private sector effort to renovate the Statue of Liberty. Fundraising started for the $87 million reconstruction plan under public/private collaboration between the National Park Service and the Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation, Inc., to witness the most successful public-private collaboration in the history of America. In 1984, at the beginning of the Statue's restoration, the United Nations crafted the Statue of Liberty as a World Heritage location. On July 5, 1986 the currently restored Statue was once again opened to the public during Liberty Weekend, which commemorated her 100th anniversary.

Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island Ferry Fees:

Children 4-12  $5.00 Adults 13+  $13.00 Seniors 62+  $10.00

Statue of Liberty Physical Characteristics

Feature U.S. Metric
Height of copper statue 151 ft 1 in 46 m
Foundation of pedestal (ground level) to tip of torch 305 ft 1 in 93 m
Heel to top of head 111 ft 1 in 34 m
Length of hand 16 ft 5 in 5 m
Index finger 8 ft 1 in 2.44 m
Circumference at second joint 3 ft 6 in 1.07 m
Head from chin to cranium 17 ft 3 in 5.26 m
Head thickness from ear to ear 10 ft 0 in 3.05 m
Distance across the eye 2 ft 6 in 0.76 m
Length of nose 4 ft 6 in 1.48 m
Right arm length 42 ft 0 in 12.8 m
Right arm greatest thickness 12 ft 0 in 3.66 m
Thickness of waist 35 ft 0 in 10.67 m
Width of mouth 3 ft 0 in 0.91 m
Tablet, length 23 ft 7 in 7.19 m
Tablet, width 13 ft 7 in 4.14 m
Tablet, thickness 2 ft 0 in 0.61 m
Height of pedestal 89 ft 0 in 27.13 m
Height of foundation 65 ft 0 in 19.81 m
Weight of copper used in statue 60,000 pounds 27.22 metric tonnes
Weight of steel used in statue 250,000 pounds 113.4 metric tonnes
Total weight of statue 450,000 pounds 204.1 metric tonnes
Thickness of copper sheeting 3/32 of an inch 2.4 mm