South Korea is situated in the southern regions of the Korean Peninsula which makes it a part of the East Asian monsoonal province. The Korean language pertains to Mongolian and Japanese. Korea's population has been considered to be one of the most linguistically and ethnically homogenous in the planet. Virtually almost all Koreans share a general cultural and linguistic heritage. Major populations are located in the southeast, northwest, and in the south plains of the Seoul-Incheon area.
The South Korea climate in the winter season is long, dry and cold. January is the chilliest month of the entire year. Seoul's average temperature in the winters drops to 5 degrees to 2.3 degrees below zero. Jeju, the biggest island of South Korea, manifests an average temperature of 2.5 degrees in the month of January.
There are several rivers gracing the beauty of South Korea which includes Hantan River flowing through Gyeonggi and Gangwon province. The Imjin River is found in North and South Korea, which crosses the Demilitarized Zone and combines with the Han River of seoul near the Yellow Sea. Soyang River is also a South Korean river of Han River system. In addition, Bukhan River, Geum-gang river, Yeongsan river, Seomjin river, Geumho river, Nakdong river Hwang river and host of other rivers are the part of natural water resources of South Korea.
There are some lakes also popular in South Korea. These are Heaven Lake, Sapung Lake, Lake Khasan, Andong dam and Jinyang Lake.
The Korean Peninsula is coupled with various plant species typical of temperate regions. Almost 3,000 species have been reported by botanists. Warm temperate vegetation, manifests camellias and other broad-leaved plants, found in the south and also on Cheju Island. More than 130 freshwater fishes, 49 mammals, 112 types of breeding birds, and 14 reptiles and amphibians have been identified. Bear, deer, and lynx are found in the highlands. Migratory water cranes, fowl, herons, and other types of birds are found on the plains.
Hallasan is the highest peak of South Korea, which is a shield volcano on Jeju Island of South Korea. Hallasan is the tallest mountain range of South Korea. The location around the mountain has been transformed into a national park, which is also called as Hallasan National Park. Hallasan is generally believed to be one of the three major mountains of South Korea, with Seoraksan and Jirisan being the two other mountains.
|Map of South Korea|