The Shwedagon Stupa, also popular as Great Dagon Pagoda and even Golden Pagoda, is a 322 feet gilded pagoda and stupa situated in Yangon, Myanmar. The pagoda lies to the west of Kandiwagvi Lake, on Singuttara Hill. It is the most sacred Buddhist stupa for the Burmese with reminisce of the past four Buddhas enshrined within, which include the staff of Kakusandha, , a piece of the attire of Kassapa, the water filter of Konagamana and eight mane of Gautama, the historical Buddha.
If the legends are to be believed, the Shwedagon Stupa is 2500 years old. Archaeologists claim the stupa was in fact constructed between the 6th and 10th centuries. This is quite debatable issue as if the Buddhist Monks’ averments and calculations are to be believed, it was constructed prior to Lord Buddha died in 486 BC.
A chain of earthquakes during the next centuries inflicted damages to this Shwedagon Stupea. The worst damage was caused by the tremor that was witnessed in the year 1768 which destroyed top of the stupa and it was again erected to its latest condition by King Hsinbyushin of Konbaung Dynasty.
The pagoda found place in the Yangon City Heritage List. It is considered as one of the world wonders.
|Shwedagon Pagoda General Information|
|Type||Buddhist pilgrims and missionaries|
|Shwedagon Pagoda Height|
|Antenna Spire||112.17 m (368 ft)|
|Roof||105 m (344 ft)|
|Shwedagon Pagoda Design and Construction|
The most amazing fact is that the architectural design and the houses are covered by gold and decorated using jewels. Other facts are:
Footwear’s are not allowed in premises. There are several shops at the western, southern, and eastern entrance to the Shwedagon Pagoda. The Burmese take around of the Pagoda in a clockwise direction as it is considered auspicious. You can take part in the prayers and offer offering at the base of the shrines.
The great Shwedagon Stupa stands on a platform encompassing over 5 hectares on a hill 58 m above sea level. It can be viewed from anywhere in the city, and the citizens of Yangon live their everyday lives in its shadow.
There are four covered walkways leading to the pagoda's platform. Elevator or stairs can also be used to reach the platform. The eastern stairway manifests the most virtual ambience, as it passes monasteries and vendors selling monastic articles. The sceneries around are awesome and mesmerizing.
The temperature varies from 38 degree to 19 degree Celsius. The ideal time to visit this place is during the cool season.