Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, island nation consists of the island of Saint Vincent (140 sq mi) and nearly two thirds of the small Grenadine islands to the south. The capital of this island is Kingstown.
Saint Vincent Island is mountainous volcano, which became active in 1902 and 1979, leaving comprehensive damage. The population here is prominently descendants of Africans who were slaves during the colonial time. In addition, there are also inhabitants of European, Caribbean descent and Asian Indian. English is the main language, and a French patois is also widely spoken. The major religions are Anglicanism, Roman Catholicism and Methodism.
The country is a parliamentary democracy and it is governed following the constitution of 1979.
The islands witness a pleasant tropical climate throughout the year. The annual average temperature of these islands is recorded as 26° C. The hottest month is September, when the average temperature is 27°C; the coolest is January month when the average temperature is 25° C.
The average annual rainfall on Saint Vincent has been recorded as 231 cm, but in the hilly areas the average rainfall crosses 380 cm a year. From May to December the entire period falls under the rainy season.
The Island’s highest peak lies in La Soufriere Volcano.
Rivers of Saint Vincent are quite straight and short. The largest river is the Colonarie. It lies in the northeast of Kingstown capital and is the also the site of a hydroelectric power plant.
The water falls of Baleine, which is situated on the northern end of Saint Vincent, can be approached via boat. These freshwater cascades fall from 18 meters (60 feet) into a natural pool.
The St Vincent and the Grenadines are considered to be a tropical paradise. The island is covered with rainforests where abundance of hardwood and broad-leaved trees are found. There are several flowering and fruit trees also found in the islands. The most common variety of trees includes banana, breadfruit tree and coconut palm.
The islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are more filled with marine and avian life compared to land fauna. Nonetheless, there are a few selected ones that are witnessed in the islands which includes iguana. The marine life found in the waters of the islands includes turtles, lobsters, conch and many other general types of fish coexisting with exotic coral-reef species. In the category of avian fauna of the islands, comes birds like bananaquit, the Antillean crested hummingbird, Caribbean Eleania, and the tremble.
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