Romania is located in the south-east of Central Europe and its neighbors are Hungary to the northwest, Bulgaria to the south, the Black Sea to the southeast, Serbia to the southwest, Ukraine and Republic of Moldova to the east. Romania is considered as the second biggest country in the area, next to Poland.
The official language of Romania is Romanian. Romanian is simpler for English speakers to understand. Romanian, being a phonetic language, is pronounced in the same way as it is written. It is spread over 237,502 sq. km. Here lives 89% of Hungarian, 1.9% of Gipsy, 1.9% and 1.6% other people.
Romania's terrain is separated almost evenly between mountainous, lowland and hilly regions. The Carpathian Mountains is in the centre with 14 mountain ranges and the highest peak at Moldoveanu Peak which is 2,544 m.
The temperature ranges from hot summers to very cold winters with snow from the mid December to the end of March. Romania's annual temperature is 52F. In the months ranging from June to August, the hottest area is close to the Black Sea Coast in Romania, where the average temperatures hits 24-30C.
In summer, there are occasional showers and thunderstorms specifically in the mountains regions. The sunny days of autumn stretches from early September till the end of October. Spring is witnessed in mid March to April in most parts of the Romania. Annual rainfall is registered from 600 mm to 700 mm, most of it in the spring season. Dobrojea is said to be Romania's warmest and driest place which receives less than 15 inches of rainfall per annum.
Natural vegetation are mostly steppe like grasslands in the Walachian and Moldavian lowlands, manifesting tall, deep-rooted grasses in the humid regions and small, lightly-rooted grass in the drier regions. Alpine meadows cover the highest sections of the mountains.
Wild animals, which may include the Carpathian deer, black chamois, hares, wolves, marten, lynx, brown bear, along with fox, are found in the sparsely inhabited and forested Carpathians. Water birds stay in the Danube Delta, and sturgeon are the inhabitant of the waters of the lower Danube. Dace, carp, pike, bream, barbel, and trout grace rivers and streams by their presence.
The Danube River is the second longest river next to the Volga in Europe. It originates in Germany's Black Forest and flows down to the southeastwards for almost 2857 km and crosses through ten countries before ending in Romania's Danube Delta. Some other important rivers include Prut, Siret, Bistrita, Ialomita, Arges, Jiu etc.
There are nearly 2,300 lakes and 1,150 ponds found in this country. Prominent lakes are Razim, Sinoe, Zmeica, Golovita, Bicaz, Babadag etc.
|Map of Romania|