Transportation, which is provided by the Government for the convenience of its people, is called Public Transport. Public Transportation encompasses a range of services, like buses, light rail, commuter and passenger trains, street cars, trolleys, cable cars, ferries, tramways and monorails as also airways. Public Transportation is characterized by regulated service with scheduled stops plying on fixed routes. It is essentially a common carrier service where reservation is not necessary.
Every day nearly 34 million Americans utilize the public transportation system, which is a 30% increase since 1995. Due to the flexibility, freedom, easy access it provides, public transportation is increasingly becoming the choice for many Americans. The American Public Transportation Authority (APTA) is the leading force in advocating public transportation.
In America there are 6,400 public transit providers, 1500 provide bus services and 200 provide rail services. The Public Transportation entity is a $43 billion industry with 359,000 people working for it.
Though Public transportation is indispensable for people who use it. It is also necessary to reduce congestion on the roads, taking cars off the roads, promoting a healthier climate by minimizing carbon dioxide emissions and increasing economic activity in the regions of its route. An APTA report concluded that for every dollar invested in Public Transit projects creates $4-$9 in economic gain.
As Paul J. Smith Jr. of Dallas Tx says " I rode the bus or train to work for the 43 of 45 years that I was employed by Corporate America. That practice combined with a good salary has given me a very comfortable retirement."
Seattle and the Central Puget Sound regions are served by an extensive bus system. The three main service providers are the King County Metro, Community Transit, and Sound transit. Due to Seattle's rainy weather most buses travel in the downtown bus tunnel and travel by the Metro bus in the downtown area is free of charge.
Seattle Center monorail operates between downtown Seattle to Seattle Center carrying 450 passengers per trip. Sound transit offers commuter rail service between Tacoma, Seattle, Edmonds and Everett. Ferries are also a popular mode of travel and the Seattle ferry system is the largest in the world. Taxis and shared vans also ply the streets.
Public Transportation in Washington DC is operated by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority which operates public bus system the Metrobus and a subway system the Metrorail which service the entire metro area. InterCity commuting is provided by Amtrak, MARC (Maryland's Commuter Rail service) and the Virginia Railway Express (VRE) that runs from Northern Virginia to downtown Washington DC. InterCity buses are the Greyhound bus and dragon buses.
DC Circulator buses are cheaper. The East-West route runs from Union Station to Georgetown and the North-South route is from the Convention Center to the Waterfront.
MetroAccess is the Metro's curb to curb paratransit service for the disabled.
Taxis are also a convenient option but fares here are based on zones not meters.
Public transportation in California is an extensive network of freeways, expressways, and highways. Buses, commuter rail, light rail, ferries, cable cars, taxis serve as public transportation. Statistics reveal that in San Francisco alone nearly 32.64% of people commute to work by public transport. Nearly 200 Metro Bus Lines and 4 Metro rail Lines serve Los Angeles. Metro Link, Commuter rail and Metro Rail are part of METRO that serves Southern California. BART and CalTrain connect Bay Area to San Francisco. Intercity travel is provided by Amtrak and Greyhound buses. Other bus service providers are the AC Transit, Golden Fate transit and Sam Trains.
The NJ Transit is New Jersey Public Transportation Corporation with an extensive service that includes bus, rail, light rail, which connect major points in New Jersey to New York, and Philadelphia. With its fleet of 2,027 buses, 711 transit trains, 45 light trains plying on 236 bus routes and 11 commuter rail lines, NJ Transit transports 223 million passengers per year.
The Citizen's Area transit (CAT) operates 39 scheduled routes along the Strip, downtown and surrounding areas of Las Vegas. A double-decker bus 'The Deuce' takes you along the strip and downtown.
The Las Vegas monorail operates along the strip and is the fastest option. It runs from 7 am till 2pm weekdays and single fares are $5.
Strip Trolleys also ply along the Strip, from downtown to South strip.
Taxis have to be called or booked; you cannot hail a cab on the street.