The Polar Regions consists of the North Pole and the South Pole. The North Pole includes the Arctic region and the South Pole includes the continent of Antarctica. The Arctic is a huge ocean that is frozen and surrounded by land. The ocean area is inhabited by Eskimos. Antarctica is covered with ice and it is large in size than the Unite States.
Antarctica is mostly visited by scientists and visitors and due to an international treaty people from different part of the world can come to study and do research in Polar Regions.
The earth's Polar Regions are surrounded by ice and subject to extreme cold temperatures owing to the fact that the sun's rays does not fall on them directly. As a result of the oblique pass of rays onto the polar surface areas, a unique habitat has developed here over centuries.
The Polar Regions climate is very different from what's seen in the rest of the world. Polar Regions climate is characterized by extremely cold temperatures and as a result huge glaciers are seen to form in these areas. There is also an extreme in daylight hours, with twenty-four hours of daylight in during the summer time and a period of total darkness even during the daytime at winter. Polar Regions wildlife found here includes Polar bears, seals, whales, penguins and walrus. A polar region animal has large and thick hair to protect them from cold.
The North Pole and the South Pole can be reached through expeditions specifically meant for such traveling. It is more of an adventure travel rather than a trip from a tourist point of view.
Expeditions to the arctic region are conducted during the month of April when summer time begins here and those to the Antarctic are conducted from November through January, when it is summer in this part of the world.
Here are a couple of good expeditions that travelers can consider for traveling to the North Pole as well as the South Pole:
Arctic Odysseys - They offer a four-day excursion.
Global Expeditions - This expedition offer a lot of adventure such as skydiving onto the polar ice cap, air trip to the pole and an overnight stay at the pole itself.
Voyage Concepts - This is a five-day excursion that begins in London. In the last leg of the expedition, travelers are expected to ski through their way and then fly back.
Northwest Passage - Package deals available for people who want to take a trip to North or the South Pole.
Ice trek - They offers different types of trips such as a day trips, three-to-four day excursion trips and even day skiing trips.
Travel can be done through air or by taking a boat or ship across the icy waters. Traveling would require people to be familiar with the extreme climates they will encounter here and be prepared for them in the form of war clothing and food. Physical fitness is a must to be able to traverse certain areas by foot.
The Polar Regions have a significant impact on the earth climate, despite the fact that they are not as supportive of life as in the other parts of the world. The huge ice formations at the poles work like an air-conditioner on the earth's temperature, thereby cooling the earth and removing humidity. Without the cools winds and ocean currents from the Polar Regions, the earth would be a much warmer place.
The ice sheets built up in the North Pole and the South Pole have a history to tell on the world climate. For example, an examination by scientists on Greenland's ice sheet reveal climatic history and climatic conditions back to more than 100,000 years. This information is vital to understanding the evolution of earth's climate and how it is being affected by chance happening due to modern lifestyles today.