Poland is situated in the Central Europe, and on the north of it is Baltic Sea. In terms of largest country in Europe, it comes in ninth place and on the European Union it hits sixth place. It stretches 689 km from east to west and 649 km from north to south. Its capital is Warsaw.
It shares borders with the Czech Republic, Germany in the west, Slovakia in the south, Ukraine, Belarus, and Lithuania in the east, and Russia and Baltic coastline in the north side. In terms of the landscape, Poland hits 9th place in the Europe and 69th in the world. In terms of population; it is 33rd most populated in country in the world. The entire country is segregated into 16 provinces which are further broken down into districts and municipalities.
Polish language has been borrowed by a group of west Slavic languages, and is one of the Indo-European languages. According to estimation, the Polish language is spoken by 44 million individual worldwide, including the Polish and Poles population residing abroad.
Poland’s climate is fluctuating, with prominent diversities from day to day and from year to year. No two winters or any other weather is alike. Summers are often cold, wet and disappointing. Spring begins in March which is initially windy and cold, later getting pleasantly hot and occasionally sunny as well. Summer begins in June and is predominantly warm but not actually hot often, with plenty of sunshine coupled with heavy rains. The hottest month is July. September is autumn time, which is initially warm and sunny and later on turns cold and foggy in November. Winter starts from December to March and is often filled with snow. In the mountains, snow stay well up to May month. The coldest months are January and February. The temperature often drops to -15°C, or even -20°C
Poland possesses 70 mountains with 2,000 meters in elevation and all are in the Tatras. The second highest group of mountain in Poland is the Beskids, whose highest peak is Babia Gora which is 1,725 meters high. The third highest is Krokonose in the Sudete with the peak point of Snezka at 1,602 meters.
The quantity of Lakes and Rivers in Poland are one of the greatest across in the world. These are scattered all over the Poland but lake or the closed water resources are usually associated with the Lake lands of Masurian and Pomeranian Lake District. There are nearly 10,000 lakes in Poland and the largest is Lake Sniardwy, Lake Mamry, Lake Lebsko and Lake Drawsko.
Many animals that could not survive in other parts of Europe can survive in Poland, which include brown bear in Białowieża, the gray wolf and the Eurasian lynx in different forests. Poland is also known as breeding ground for European migratory birds, particularly in the wetlands and lake districts, the Narew, and the Warta, which are coupled with nature reserves or national parks. Flora includes coniferous trees, particularly pine. It accounts for 70% of the forests and the deciduous species are birch, beech, and elm.
|Map of Poland|