Petra is a gorgeous and valuable treasure and undoubtedly Jordan’s most famous tourist attraction. Petra, in Greek, means rock and no words can describe it better than the poet Dean Burgon’swho described Petra as “a rose-red city, half as old as time” in a sonnet he wrote about this marvelous old city.
Petra is one of the New 7 Wonders of the World and now also, a UNESCO world heritage site.
More than 2000 years ago, around the 6th century BC, the Nabataeans, a nomadic and industrious Arab community settled in southern Jordan and gave us a legacy, called Petra. Petra was a caravan city, and occupied an important place in the trade route that linked India, China and Arabia with Egypt, Syria, Greece and Rome and silk, spice and other objects passed through its rocky roads.
|Location:||Ma'an Governorate, Jordan|
|Elevation:||810 m (2,657 ft)|
|Visitation:||580,000 (in 2007)|
|Governing Body:||Petra Region Authority|
|Petra UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Criteria:||i, iii, iv|
|Designated:||1985 (9th session)|
|Spoken Languages||Arabic, English, French, Circassian, Levantine Arabic, Chechen, Turkish|
|-||King of Jordan||Abdullah II|
|-||Prime Minister||Marouf al-Bakhit|
|-||End of British League of Nations Mandate||
25 May 1946
|-||Total||92,300 km2 (111th)
35,637 sq mi
|-||July 2010 Estimate||6,407,085 (102nd)|
|-||July 2004 Census||5,611,202|
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2010 estimate|
|Gini (2002–03)||38.8 (medium)|
|HDI (2010)||+ 0.681 (high) (82nd)|
|Currency||Jordanian dinar (JOD)|
|Time Zone||UTC+2 (UTC+2)|
|-||Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (UTC+3)|
|Drives on the||Right|
|ISO 3166 Code||JO|
|Internet TLD||.jo, الاردن.|
Petra is a rugged city carved into rock. You enter Petra through a narrow gorge, the Siq. The Siq is a little more than a kilometer in length; on both sides of it soar 80-meter high cliffs, whose colors and forms will dazzle you and make it a walk to remember.
The first building you will see at the end of the Siq is the Al-Khazneh, the treasury. It is the tomb of an important Nabataean king. A masterpiece of architecture, you will see a dusky pink rock façade, 43 meters tall whose intricately carved walls gleam in the sunlight
A walk through Petra will leave you mesmerized for there are more buildings, temples, arched gateways, streets, tombs, baths, obelisks, sacrificial altars and funerary halls. Then there is a Roman-style theatre that could seat 3000 people. There is the Ad-deir monastery that will leave you spell-bound. In all, there are more than 800 monuments! Then there are also 2 museums - the Petra Archaeological Museum, and the Petra Nabataean Museum, that house finds from the archaeological excavations in Petra.
Carry water; wear comfortable clothes and shoes and a hat for the long walk. Motorized vehicles are not allowed into Petra but you could hire a horse or a horse-drawn carriage to take you through the Siq. You could hire a donkey or a camel inside the site that will take you through a designated route.
|Entry Ticket (JD)||ServicesTicket (JD)||Total AdmissionRate (JD)|
|One day visitor to Jordan||21||69||90|