Peru Maps

Brief Description about Peru Maps

Ancient Peru was dominated by several noticeable Andean civilizations, mostly by Incas, their empire was captured by Spanish conspirators in 1533. In 1821, Peru became independent and consequently the Spanish forces were defeated in 1824. After the military rule of 12 years, democratic leadership was established in Peru in 1980. But the country faced economic problems and there was growth of violence and insurgence. In 1990, the election of President Alberto Fujimori escorted a decade which saw a dramatic change in economy and noticeable progress in suppressing guerrilla activity. But the increasing reliance of the President on authoritarian measures and a slowdown in economy in late 1990’s resulted in huge dissatisfaction with his regime. Fujimori was reelected for the third term in the spring of 2000, but corruption scandals and mounting international pressure led to his dismissal from the Congress in November of that year. In spring 2001 fresh election were held under the leadership of a caretaker government in which Alejandro Toledo was elected as the new head of government. Later, the allegations of corruption hampered his presidency too.

Geography of Peru Maps:

  • Location: Located in between Chile and Ecuador, bordering The South Pacific Ocean in Western South America.
  • Geographic coordinates: 10 00 S, 76 00 W
  • Area:  Total Area: 1,285,220 square kilometer
  • Total Area occupied by Land: 1.28 million square kilometer
  • Total Area occupied by Water: 5,220 square kilometer
  • Coastline: 2,414 kilometer
  • Boundaries on Land:  Total: 5,536 kilometer
  • Border Countries: Brazil- 1,560 kilometer, Bolivia- 900 kilometer, Chile- 160 kilometer, Ecuador- 1,420 kilometer, Colombia – 1,496 kilometer
  • Climate: Varies throughout the country; tropical climate in the east and dry desert in the west; temperate to frigid climate is noticed in Andes.
  • Terrain: Lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (Selva) in the east, coastal plain (coasta) in the west, high and rugged Andes (Sierra) in the center.
  • Natural Resources: Gold, silver, cooper, timber, petroleum, fish, phosphate, iron ore, potash, natural gas, hydro power

People of Peru:

  • Population: 27, 925, 628 (July 2005 est.)
  • Population Growth rate: 1.36% ( 2005 est..)
  • Birth rate: 20.87 births/ 1000 population (2005 est.)
  • Death Rate: 6.25 deaths/ 1000 population (2005 est.)
  • Net migration rate: -1.03 migrants/1000 population (2005 est.)

Economy of Peru:

Economy of Peru reflects the varied geography of the state like the Andes further inland, an arid coastal region, tropical lands bordering Brazil and Columbia. The coastal regions of Peru provides for abundant excellent fishing ground while huge amount of mineral resources are found in the mountainous areas. Due to the overdependence on metals and minerals, the economy of Peru is subjected to the fluctuations in the world market. Moreover the lack of infrastructure prevents the trade and investment. Some growth of nearly 4 percent was noticed during the period of 2002-2004 with stable rate of exchange and low inflation. Later the risk premium on Peruvian bonds reached their lowest levels in late 2004, which reflected the confidence of the investor in the government’s prudent fiscal policies and also the openness to investment and trade.

Map of Peru

peru map
Map of Peru