Palestine, located in South-West Asia is described as 'a strip of land between sea and desert' as it has desert on one side and sea on the other. The country spreads over an area of 26320 sq. km. The country is situated in the heart of the Middle East. It is one of the smallest countries in the Middle East. East Jerusalem is considered as the capital of Palestine. Official language of Palestine is standard Arabic. The country has 3 major land areas.
The geographical area of Palestine is divided into the state of Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
Gaza, Jerusalem, Hebron, Jabaliyah, Nablus and Rafah are the largest cities in Palestine.
Administrative divisions of palastine include 16 governorates- 11 in West Bank and 5 in Gaza. They are Jerusalem Governorate, Bethlehem Governorate, Deir Al-Balah Governorate, Gaza Governorate, Hebron Governorate, Jenin Governorate, Jericho Governorate, Khan Yunis Governorate, Nablus Governorate, North Gaza Governorate, Qalqilya Governorate, Rafah Governorate, Ramallah and Al-Bireh Governorate, Salfit Governorate, Tubas Governorate and Tulkarm Governorate.
Caves in Palestine include Ancient underground quarry in Jordan Valley, Cave of the Patriarchs, Qumran Caves, Cave of the Ramban and Zedekiah's Cave.
Mountains cover 75% of Palestine. Major mountains are Mount Ebal, Mid- Mountains and Negev mountains, the Jalil mountains, Mount Hazor, Judaean Mountains, Mount Gerizim and Mount of Temptation. The Jalil Mountains include El-Jarmaaq, Hiider mountains, Canaan Mountains and Aroos Mountains. Tall Asur at 1022 m is the highest point and Dead Sea is the lowest point in Palestine.
Hadera Stream, Jordan River, Lakhish River, Wadi Fa'rah are the main rivers of Palestine.
Palestine has three lakes/ seas. They are the Dead Sea/ Lake Asphaltites, the sea of Genezereth/ Lake of Tiberias and the sea of Merom/ Lake Semechonitis.