The Ngorongoro Conservation Area and the UNESCO World Heritage Site is located to west of Arusha which is 180 km from the site. It is situated in the Crater Highlands of Tanzania. The Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority administers it. The Ngorongoro Crater is a huge volcanic crater that is within the area.
The Ngorongoro Crater is known to have species that have lived there for more than 3 million years. Thousands of years back, pastoralists were taken over by hunters and gatherers. Two groups, the Mbulu who came about 2000 years ago joined the Datooga in 1700. Later, both the groups were shooed by the Maasai.
|Location||Arusha Region, Tanzania|
|Area||8,288 km² (3,200 mi²)|
|Ngorongoro Conservation Area (UNESCO World Heritage Site)|
|Inscription||1979 (3rd Session)|
The Ngorongoro Crater was still untouched by the Europeans till 1892. It was only later that two brother’s started farming in the crater till the World War I broke out.
Ngorongoro Crater was earlier a part of Serengeti National Park which was created by the British in 1951. Later in 1979, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area became a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The area is still a portion of the Serengeti ecosystem and joins the Serengeti National Park.
The Ngorongoro Crater is situated in the south and west of the area where there are volcanic highlands and it also includes the less popular Empakai. The Great Rift Valley which is protected by the southern and eastern boundaries prevents wild animals from migrating in that direction.
The Ngorongoro Crater has the highest population of mammalians living in the crater in Africa. The total population is about 25,000 of large animals and these animals include thousands of black rhinoceros which started declining from 108 to 66. Hippopotamus are also rarely to be seen in the Ngorongoro Crater. Other wild beasts like the eland, zebra and the Grand’s and Thompson’s gazelles are also seen.
There is a large population of lions in the crater and elephants, leopards, mountain reedbuck and buffaloes live around the crater rim. Since 1980s the population of animals has drastically fallen in the crater.
The Ngorongoro Crater got formed when a massive volcano erupted and collapsed on itself which was about three million years back.
Ngorongoro Crater has a moderate weather but it can be extremely cold in June and August. The weather is really pleasant between October to December. So, this would be the ideal time to visit Ngorongoro Crater.
April to May are two seasons for rains. In November, there are huge thunderstorms and since the crater is positioned in a unique way it always has abdunces of grassland and water which doesn’t affect Ngorongoro Crater’s animals.
A few interesting places to see in Ngorongoro Crater is the Olduvai Gorge which is located in the plains. It has lots to see and discover. The Olduvai Gorge is known to have many pre-historic sites in the world. The huge grassland is also a site to see though they are quite dry.