New Zealand, officially “The Dominion of New Zealand” is an island situated in the south western part of the Pacific Ocean. It has two main islands, namely, the North Island and the South Island. New Zealand is spread over an area of 268,670 sq kilometers. The population of New Zealand has been estimated to be around 434,966 as per December 2010 census.
While English is the predominant language in New Zealand, 98% of the population speaks it with an accent similar to Australian English. Christianity is predominantly followed here among 55.6% of the population while 34.7% belonged to no religion and the rest 4% affiliate to other religions.
New Zealand has mild and maritime climate with an annual temperature from 10 degree Celsius in the south to 16 degree Celsius in the north.
The flora of New Zealand includes 75% of world’s unique and oldest plant forms. Conifers, ferns, lycopods constitute much of the land vegetation that shows connection with the plants of Malayan region. More than 250 species of plants are common to both Australia and New Zealand. Other eye-catching trees include pohutukawa and other species of rata and kowhai.
While seals and two species of bats are seen in New Zealand, it has no natural mammals. Pests such as rabbit, deer, pig, and the Australian possum including whales and dolphins can also be found in New Zealand. Around 250 species of birds are seen breeding and migrating. Other birds such as kea, mountain parrot, and the tui can be found.
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