New York Transportation

New York Transportation

The infrastructure of New York transportation is one of the oldest transportation infrastructures in the USA. The terrain of the state and the urban crowding has been the prime points while engineering the transportation structure. Due to the population expansion, waterways were a major mode of transportation through the Hudson River and then the Erie Canal. The general route is followed by railroad lines and the New York State Thruway in recent times.

The New York State Department of Transportation is criticized many a times for the ill-maintenance of roads in certain areas. The New York State Thruway within The City of Buffalo have long stopped the collection of tolls late in 2006 while the campaign for the election of the Governor was going on as both the candidates from both parties campaigned asking for the removal of the toll.

New York Airports

New York has three major airports through which millions of passengers pass each year.

List of Airports in New York

City Served FAA IATA ICAO Airport Name
Commercial Service - Primary Airports
Albany ALB ALB KALB Albany International Airport
Binghamton BGM BGM KBGM Greater Binghamton Airport (Edwin A. Link Field)
Buffalo BUF BUF KBUF Buffalo Niagara International Airport
Elmira / Corning ELM ELM KELM Elmira/Corning Regional Airport
Islip ISP ISP KISP Long Island MacArthur Airport
Ithaca ITH ITH KITH Ithaca Tompkins Regional Airport
New York JFK JFK KJFK John F. Kennedy International Airport
New York LGA LGA KLGA LaGuardia Airport (and Marine Air Terminal)
Newburgh SWF SWF KSWF Stewart International Airport
Plattsburgh PBG PBG KPBG Plattsburgh International Airport
Rochester ROC ROC KROC Greater Rochester International Airport
Syracuse SYR SYR KSYR Syracuse Hancock International Airport
White Plains HPN HPN KHPN Westchester County Airport
Commercial Service - Non-Primary Airports
Jamestown JHW JHW KJHW Chautauqua County/Jamestown Airport
Saranac Lake SLK SLK KSLK Adirondack Regional Airport
Reliever Airports
Akron 9G3     Akron Airport
Batavia GVQ   KGVQ Genesee County Airport
Brockport 7G0     Ledgedale Airpark
Buffalo 9G0     Buffalo Airfield
Canandaigua D38     Canandaigua Airport
Cicero 1G6     Michael Airfield
East Moriches 1N2     Spadaro Airport
Farmingdale FRG FRG KFRG Republic Airport
Kingston 20N     Kingston-Ulster Airport
Lancaster BQR   KBQR Buffalo-Lancaster Regional Airport
Le Roy 5G0     Le Roy Airport
Middletown 06N     Randall Airport
Millbrook 44N     Sky Acres Airport
Montauk MTP MTP KMTP Montauk Airport
Niagara Falls IAG IAG KIAG Niagara Falls International Airport
Schenectady SCH SCH KSCH Schenectady County Airport
Shirley HWV WSH KHWV Brookhaven Airport
Syracuse / Central Square 6NK     Syracuse Suburban Airport
Wallkill N45     Kobelt Airport (Wallkill Airport)
Weedsport B16     Whitford's Airport
Williamson / Sodus SDC   KSDC Williamson-Sodus Airport
Wurtsboro N82     Wurtsboro-Sullivan County Airport
        General Aviation Airports
Bayport 23N     Bayport Aerodrome
Corning / Painted Post 7N1     Corning-Painted Post Airport
Cortland N03 CTX   Cortland County Airport (Chase Field)
Dansville DSV DSV KDSV Dansville Municipal Airport
Duanesburg 4B1     Duanesburg Airport
Dunkirk DKK DKK KDKK Chautauqua County/Dunkirk Airport
East Hampton HTO HTO KHTO East Hampton Airport
Ellenville N89     Joseph Y. Resnick Airport
Endicott CZG   KCZG Tri-Cities Airport
Fishers Island 0B8 FID   Elizabeth Field
Freehold 1I5     Freehold Airport
Fulton FZY   KFZY Oswego County Airport
Gasport 9G5     Royalton Airport
Glens Falls GFL GFL KGFL Floyd Bennett Memorial Airport
Granville B01     Granville Airport
Hamilton VGC   KVGC Hamilton Municipal Airport
Haverstraw H43     Haverstraw Heliport
Hornell 4G6     Hornell Municipal Airport
Hudson 1B1 HCC   Columbia County Airport
Johnstown NY0     Fulton County Airport
Lake Placid LKP LKP KLKP Lake Placid Airport
Lockport 0G0     North Buffalo Suburban Airport
Malone MAL   KMAL Malone-Dufort Airport
Massena MSS MSS KMSS Massena International Airport (Richards Field)
Montgomery MGJ MGJ KMGJ Orange County Airport
Monticello MSV MSV KMSV Sullivan County International Airport
New York JRB JRB KJRB Downtown Manhattan Heliport (Downtown Manhattan/Wall St.)
New York 6N5 TSS   East 34th Street Heliport
New York 6N7 QNY   New York Skyports Inc. Seaplane Base
New York JRA JRA KJRA West 30th Street Heliport
Norwich OIC OIC KOIC Lt. Warren Eaton Airport
Ogdensburg OGS OGS KOGS Ogdensburg International Airport
Olean OLE OLE KOLE Cattaraugus County-Olean Airport
Oneonta N66 ONH   Oneonta Municipal Airport
Penn Yan PEO   KPEO Penn Yan Airport
Perry 01G     Perry-Warsaw Airport
Piseco K09     Piseco Airport
Potsdam PTD   KPTD Potsdam Municipal Airport (Damon Field)
Poughkeepsie POU POU KPOU Dutchess County Airport
Red Hook 46N     Sky Park Airport
Rome RME RME KRME Griffiss Airfield (was Griffiss Air Force Base)
Saratoga Springs 5B2     Saratoga County Airport
Schroon Lake 4B7     Schroon Lake Airport
Seneca Falls 0G7     Finger Lakes Regional Airport
Sidney N23 SXY   Sidney Municipal Airport
Skaneateles 6B9     Skaneateles Aerodrome
South Bethlehem 4B0     South Albany Airport
Stormville N69     Stormville Airport
Ticonderoga 4B6     Ticonderoga Municipal Airport
Troy 5B7     Rensselaer County Airport
Utica / Frankfort 6B4     Frankfort-Highland Airport
Warwick N72     Warwick Municipal Airport
Watertown ART ART KART Watertown International Airport
Wellsville ELZ ELZ KELZ Wellsville Municipal Airport (Tarantine Field)
Westhampton Beach FOK FOK KFOK Francis S. Gabreski Airport
Other Public-Use Airports (not listed in NPIAS)
Albion 9G6     Pine Hill Airport
Alexandria Bay 89N AXB   Maxson Airfield
Arcade D23     Arcade Tri-County Airport
Argyle 1C3     Argyle Airport
Buffalo / East Amherst D51     Clarence Aerodrome
Calverton 3C8 CTO   Calverton Executive Airpark (was FAA: CTO)
(former Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve Plant)
Cambridge 1B8     Chapin Field
Camillus NY2     Camillus Airport
Canandaigua D43     Hopewell Airpark
Chittenango 1D5     Luther Airport
Clay 1H1     Airlane Enterprises Airport
Cooperstown K23 COP   Cooperstown-Westville Airport
Degrasse 1E8     Moores Airport
Dolgeville 1F6     Dolgeville Airport
Dundee D48     Dundee Flying Club Airport
East Moriches 49N     Lufker Airport
Edinburg 1F2     Plateau Sky Ranch Airport
Gallupville N25     Blue Heron Airport
Gansevoort K30     Heber Airpark
Geneseo D52     Geneseo Airport
Ghent NY1     Kline Kill Airport
Gorham 92G     Midlakes Airport
Gowanda D59     Gowanda Airport
Great Valley N56     Great Valley Airport
Greene 4N7     Greene Airport
Greenville 1H4     Greenville-Rainbow Airport
Hamburg 4G2     Hamburg Airport
Holcomb / Bloomfield D67     Creekside Airport
Honeoye Falls D70     Honeoye Falls Airport
Keene 1I1     Marcy Field
Kirkwood 5N5     Kirkwood Airpark
Lexington / Prattsville N00     Maben Airport
Livingston 1A1     Green Acres Airport
Long Lake NY9     Long Lake Helms Seaplane Base
Long Lake K03     Long Lake Sagamore Seaplane Base & Marina
Mattituck 21N     Mattituck Airport
Mayville D79     Dart Airport
Mechanicville K27     Burrello-Mechanicville Airport
Middlesex 4N2     Middlesex Valley Airport
New York / Bronx 6N6     Evers Seaplane Base
Newfane 85N     Hollands International Field
Olcott / Newfane D80     Olcott-Newfane Airport
Olean 8G3     Giermek Executive Airport
Ovid D82     Ovid Airport
Port Washington 7N3     Sands Point Seaplane Base
Quaker Street N65     Knox Airport
Randolph D85     Randolph Airport
Rome K16     Becks Grove Airport
Round Lake W57     Round Lake Airport and Seaplane Base
Rouses Point K21     Rouses Point Seaplane Base
Schuylerville B04     Garnseys Airport
Scotia K13     Mohawk Valley Airport
Sharon Springs K31     Sharon Airport
Sherman D88     Pratt's Eastern Divide Airport
Southampton 87N     Southampton Heliport
Spencerport D91     Spencerport Airpark
Staatsburg 09N     Airhaven Airport
Waterloo D93     Airtrek Airport
Other Military Airports
Fort Drum GTB   KGTB Wheeler-Sack Army Airfield
Notable Private-Use Airports
Armonk 0NK7     IBM King Street Heliport
Central Square 0NK1     Spring Brook Airport
Clarence Center NK19     Potoczak Airport (was FAA: D46)
Delanson NY77     Wandervogel Gliderport
Elmira 4NY8     Harris Hill Gliderport
Elmont 4NY9     Belmont Park Heliport
Gouverneur NK16     Hendricks Field (was FAA: 1K0)
Hancock NK68     White Birch Field (was FAA: 4N8)
Ithaca NY55     Grund Field was FAA: 5N3)
Manhasset 6NK3     North Shore University Hospital Nr 2 Heliport
Monticello 07NY     MMC Heliport (New York Power Authority)
Oneonta NY25     F&F Airpark
Orient 2NK3     Rose Field (was Charles Rose Airport)
Stony Brook 13NY     Health Sciences Center Unv Hospital Heliport
Westport 12NK     Westport Airport was FAA: N25)
        Notable Former Airports
Angola D22     Angola Airport (closed 2002)
Bethpage BPA     Grumman Bethpage Airport (closed 1990s)
(currently Nassau County Police Heliport, 8NY9)
Brooklyn       Floyd Bennett Field (closed 1971)
(currently NYPD Air Operations Heliport, NY22)
Canastota 1B8     Canastota Municipal Airport (closed 1980s)
Centerville N01     Plane Haven Airport (closed)
Commack       Brindley Field (closed 1919)
Coram       Coram Airport (closed 1984)
Deer Park       Deer Park Airport (closed 1974)
Durhamville D22     Kamp Airport (closed 2002)
Edgemere       Rockaway Airport / NOLF Edgemere (closed 1959) [9]
Flushing FLU   KFLU Flushing Airport (closed 1984)
Garden City       Roosevelt Field (closed 1951)
Hauppauge       Smithtown Aviation Country Club (closed 1957)
Jackson Heights       Holmes Airport (active 1930s)
Monticello N37     Monticello Airport (closed 2006)
New Dorp       Miller Field (military, closed 1969)
New Springville       Staten Island Airport (closed 1964)
North Amityville   AYZ   Zahn's Airport (closed 1980)
North Rose 8B4     Farnsworths Air Strip (closed)
Plattsburgh PLB PLB KPLB Clinton County Airport (closed, but FAA ID active)
Rome RME RME KRME Griffiss Air Force Base (closed 1995, now Griffiss Airfield)
Romulus SSN   KSSN Seneca Army Airfield (Seneca Army Depot)
Selden       Hough Field
Stony Brook       Flowerfield Airfield (Gydrodyne Company)
Utica UCA   KUCA Oneida County Airport (closed 2007)

John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK), New York

John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens mainly handles the international flights.

John F. Kennedy International Airport Summary
JFK Airport Type Public
JFK Owner City of New York
JFK Operator Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
JFK Location Southern Queens, NY
JFK Hub for
  • American Airlines
  • Delta Air Lines
  • Evergreen International Airlines
  • JetBlue Airways
  • Polar Air Cargo
JFK Elevation AMSL 13 ft / 4 m
JFK Coordinates 40°38′23″N 073°46′44″W
JFK Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
4L/22R 11,351 3,460 Asphalt
4R/22L 8,400 2,560 Asphalt
13L/31R 10,000 3,048 Asphalt
13R/31L 14,572 4,423 Concrete
JFK Helipads
Number Length Surface
ft m
H1 60 18 Asphalt
H2 60 18 Asphalt
H3 60 18 Asphalt
H4 60 18 Asphalt
JFK Statistics (2009)
Aircraft operations (ACI) 416,945
Passengers (ACI) 45,915,069

LaGuardia Airport (LGA), New York

LaGuardia, on the Grand Central Parkway and situated in Queens is the airport primarily handling domestic flights.

LaGuardia Airport Summary
LaGuardia Airport Type Public
LaGuardia Airport Owner City of New York
LaGuardia Airport Operator Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
LaGuardia Airport Serves New York City
LaGuardia Airport Location East Elmhurst, Queens, NY
LaGuardia Airport Elevation AMSL 21 ft / 6 m
LaGuardia Airport Coordinates 40°46′38.1″N 073°52′21.4″W
LaGuardia Airport Website
LaGuardia Airport Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
4/22 7,001 2,134 Asphalt/Concrete
13/31 7,003 2,135 Asphalt/Concrete
LaGuardia Airport Helipads
Number Length Surface
ft m
H1 60 18 Asphalt
H2 60 18 Asphalt

Newark International Airport (EWR)

Newark, handles both domestic as well as international flights. It's a far from the city, than the other two airports and situated at Newark, New Jersey. However, it is more modernized and less crowded than the other two.

Newark International Airport Summary
Newark International Airport Type Public
Newark International Airport Owner City of Newark
Operator Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Newark International Airport Serves New York metropolitan area
Newark International Airport Location Newark, New Jersey and Elizabeth, New Jersey
Hub for
  • Continental Airlines
  • FedEx Express
Newark International Airport Elevation AMSL 18 ft / 5 m
Newark International Airport Coordinates 40°41′33″N 074°10′07″W
Newark International Airport Website
Direction Length Surface
ft m
4L/22R 11,000 3,353 Asphalt / Concrete
4R/22L 10,000 3,048 Asphalt
11/29 6,800 2,073 Asphalt
Number Length Surface
ft m
H1 40 12 Concrete

New York Railways and Mass Transit services

The Long Island Rail Road, Metro-North Railroad, Port Authority Trans-Hudson, and five of New Jersey Transit are the four suburban commuter railroad systems in New York. They operate along with the mass transit subway of the state.  Most of the cities in New York however have their own urban and regional public transportation. For example, the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority operates the Buffalo Metro Rail light-rail system in Buffalo. The Rochester Subway used to provide service in Rochester but has been discontinued since 1956.

The governmental agency which registers and inspects automobiles in New York is New York State Department of Motor Vehicles (NYSDMV or DMV). This body also takes care and charge of licensing drivers in the State of New York.

It is mandatory for all gasoline powered vehicles registered in New York to go for an inspection of emission every 12 months. It is also essential for the vehicles to get a safety inspection annually.
The structure of the New York transportation is intermodal, that means, travelers can travel by one mode of transportation and switch to another according to their liking. The AirTrain JFK takes rail passengers to the terminals at John F. Kennedy International Airport.

New York Interstates and Highways

New York has 30 Interstate Highways, that is, eight main routes and 22 auxiliary routes. Some of them are entirely in the city while some lie just partially within the boundaries of the state. The Interstate Highways are maintained by the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) though there are a good many exceptions. In New York, The interstates are referred by suffixing the letter "I" to the route number.

The network of Interstate roadways sum to 1,674 miles (2,694 km) carrying about 19% of the traffic. The shortest of the Interstate Highways is Interstate 78 with 0.50 miles (0.80 km), while Interstate 90 is the longest with a mighty length of 385.88 miles (621.01 km) within New York.

New York Main Routes

Route From To mi km Assigned
78 I-78 New Jersey line at Manhattan Manhattan A10000.5 !0.50 A10,000.80} !0.80 1961
81 I-81 Pennsylvania line at Kirkwood Canadian border at Thousand Islands A10183.52 !183.52 A10,295.35} !295.35 1957
84 I-84 Pennsylvania line at Port Jervis Connecticut line at Southeast A10071.79 !71.79 A10,115.53} !115.53 1957
86 I-86 Pennsylvania line at Mina Elmira A10189.9 !189.90 A10,305.61} !305.61 1999
87 I-87 The Bronx Canadian border at Champlain A10333.49 !333.49 A10,536.70} !536.70 1957
88 I-88 Chenango Rotterdam A10117.75 !117.75 A10,189.50} !189.50 1968
90 I-90 Pennsylvania line at Ripley Massachusetts line at Canaan A10385.88 !385.88 A10,621.01} !621.01 1957
90N I-90N Buffalo Canadian border at Lewiston A10027.75 !27.75 A10,044.66} !44.66 1957
95 I-95 New Jersey line at Manhattan Connecticut line at Port Chester A10023.5 !23.50 A10,037.82} !37.82 1957
99 I-99 Pennsylvania line at Lindley Painted Post A10012.46 !12.46 A10,020.05} !20.05

New York Auxiliary Routes

Route From To mi km Assigned
90-1 I-190 Buffalo Canadian border at Lewiston A10027.75 !27.75 A10,044.66} !44.66 1959
78-2 I-278 New Jersey line at Staten Island The Bronx A10033.62 !33.62 A10,054.11} !54.11 by 1960
81-2 I-281 Syracuse DeWitt A10009.45 !9.45 A10,015.21} !15.21 ca. 1963
87-2 I-287 New Jersey line at Suffern Rye A10031.11 !31.11 A10,050.07} !50.07 by 1960
90-2 I-290 Tonawanda Amherst A10010.24 !10.24 A10,016.48} !16.48 ca. 1962
95-2 I-295 The Bronx Queens A10009.1 !9.10 A10,014.65} !14.65 1970
90-3 I-390 Avoca Gates A10075.86 !75.86 A10,122.08} !122.08 ca. 1973
78-4 I-478 Brooklyn Manhattan A10002.14 !2.14 A10,003.44} !3.44 early 1970s
81-4 I-481 Syracuse North Syracuse A10015.08 !15.08 A10,024.27} !24.27 1970
87-4 I-487 The Bronx Beacon    
90-4 I-490 Le Roy Victor A10037.4 !37.40 A10,060.19} !60.19 ca. 1961
95-4 I-495 Manhattan Riverhead A10071.02 !71.02 A10,114.30} !114.30 1958
87-5 I-587 Kingston Kingston A10001.21 !1.21 A10,001.95} !1.95 1960
90-5 I-590 Brighton Rochester A10005.07 !5.07 A10,008.16} !8.16 1980
78-6 I-678 Queens The Bronx A10014.33 !14.33 A10,023.06} !23.06 ca. 1965
84-6 I-684 White Plains Southeast A10028.46 !28.46 A10,045.80} !45.80 1970
87-6 I-687 Albany Colonie A10004.6 !4.6 A10,007.4} !7.4
90-6 I-690 Van Buren DeWitt A10014.19 !14.19 A10,022.84} !22.84 ca. 1962
95-6 I-695 The Bronx The Bronx A10001.24 !1.24 A10,002.00} !2.00 1986
81-7 I-781 Pamelia Le Ray A10004.9 !4.9 A10,007.9} !7.9
87-7 I-787 Albany Troy A10009.55 !9.55 A10,015.37} !15.37 ca. 1965
90-7 I-790 Utica Utica A10002.41 !2.41 A10,003.88} !3.88 1960s
78-8 I-878 Queens Queens A10000.7 !0.70 A10,001.13} !1.13 1970
90-8 I-890 Rotterdam Guilderland A10009.45 !9.45 A10,015.21} !15.21 ca. 1962
95-8 I-895 The Bronx The Bronx A10001.29 !1.29 A10,002.08} !2.08 1970
90-9 I-990 Amherst Amherst A10006.43 !6.43 A10,010.35} !10.35 early 1980s

New York State Department of Transportation

NYSDOT Agency Overview
NYSDOT Formed 1967
NYSDOT Preceding Agencies New York State Department of Public Works
New York State Department of Highways
NYSDOT Jurisdiction New York
NYSDOT Headquarters 50 Wolf Road, Albany, NY
42°42′49″N 73°58′47″W
NYSDOT Employees 10,245
NYSDOT Annual Budget $7.4 billion
NYSDOT Agency Executive Stanley Gee, Acting Commissioner
NYSDOT Website