It is the European part of Kingdom of Netherlands that includes the Netherlands Antilles, Aruba and Netherlands in Caribbean. The country is parliamentary democratic constitutional monarchy which is situated in Western Europe. The country is surrounded in north and west by North Sea, in east by Germany and in south by Belgium.
Population: 16.77 million (2012) World Bank
National anthem: Wilhelmus
Official language: Dutch Language
Under the rule of the Charles V and the king of Spain, the area was the part of 17th provinces of Netherlands that consists of current Luxembourg, Belgium and some areas of the Germany and France. In the year 1568, there was the beginning of 80 years war among the Spain and provinces. The northern half of 17 provinces created Union of Utrecht in the year 1579, which was the treaty in which both of them has promised that they will provide their support in the defense against Spanish army.
The country is the 25th most populated country in the entire world with 484 inhabitants per sq km or 395 people pre sq km. The fertility in the country is 1.72 children per woman.
The country has the constitutional monarchy from the year 1815 and from the year 1848, it has the parliamentary democracy, before it became republic from the year 1581- 1806. The country is described as the consociational state. The governance and the politics of the Dutch are characterized by the efforts fro achieving the wide consensus on the major issues in both society and political community as whole.
It is the country of the philosophers as the Spinoza and Erasmus of the Rotterdam. All the important work of the Descartes was done in this country. Christiaan Huygens who was the Dutch scientist has invented Pendulum clock and discovered Saturn’s moon Titan. The first observer who described the organisms of the single- celled with the microscope was the Antonie van Leeuwenhoek.
The country has the very open and the prosperous economy in which government of the country has decreased its functions from the year 1980. The activities of the industries are principally in the food processing, electrical machinery and chemicals. The world’s largest field of the natural gas is situated in the north of the country. The country has 16th largest economy in the entire world and stands at 10th position in the GDP per capita.
The country has the outstanding infrastructure of the airports, roadways and roads. The country also has the elevated developed system of the telecommunication. The country is one of the significant points of the entrance for the goods that are imported in Europe. It is very much significant for nation to maintain its system of transport for moving the products in center of the continent.
|De Kooy Den Helder Airport||Holland Spoor Rail Station Airport||Maastricht aachen Airport||Soesterberg Airport||Volkel Airport|
|Eelde Airport||Leeuwarden Airport||Rotterdam Zestienhoven Airport||Twente Airport||Woensdrecht Airport|
|Eindhoven Airport||Lelystad Airport||Schiphol Airport||Valkenburg Airport||Woensdrecht Airport|
The education in the country is characterized by the distribution. The education in the country is oriented towards background and requirements of pupil. The education in the country is divided over the schools for the students of the different age groups. The program for International Student Assessment which is coordinated by OECD, ranks education in the country as 9th best in the entire world as in the year 2008 which is principally higher than average of the OECD.
The countries that are very near to Netherlands are:
The country covers the total area of 41,526 sq km. In the past some years the coastline of the Dutch has been considerably changed as result of natural disasters and human intervention. The most current parts of the country were flooded in the year 1953 at the time of the North Sea Flood when at that time the 1,836 citizens were killed and after it the Delta Plan was made.
The country has gained its independence from Spain on 26th July 1581, after 80 years war from the Philip II of the Spain. The country was recognized on 30th January 1648.
The great persons in country are:
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