When the First Burmese War came to close, the provinces of Tenassarim, Manipur, and Arakan were ceded to the British by the Ava kingdom. In 1853, southern Burma and Rangoon were merged into the British India. When the Third Burmese War got over, indirectly or directly, the entire Burma came into British India. Till 1937, Burma was ruled as the British India’s province. Finally the nation got its independent from the British government on 4th January of 1974.

Capital: Naypyidaw
Currency:Myanma kyat
President: Thein Sein
National Anthem: Kaba Ma Kyay
Official language: Burmese Language
Government: Unitary state, Presidential system, Constitutional republic


The population of Myanmar is estimated as 55 million. It is just a rough estimate of population because since 1931, no trustworthy census has been taken in the country. There are more than 600,000 legal migrant workers of Burma live in Thailand and millions are living illegally. 80% of the total migrant workers of Thailand are from Myanmar.

The population density of the country is estimated as 75 people per sq km. the literacy rate of the country was 89.9% of the population in the year 2000 that has been estimated by the UNESCO Institute of Statistics. Buddhism is the dominating religion in the country that contributes 89% to the country’s population.

Burma Flag

Government and Politics

The military dictatorship governs Burma. Senior General Than Shwe is currently the head of the state in the country. He also holds the various posts such as:

  • State Peace and Development Council’s Chairman
  • The Defense Service’s Commander in Chief
  • Commander in Chief of the Minister of Defense.

The assembly election of people created the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma in the year 1990. The main political parties of the country are the Shan Nationalities League for Democracy and the National League for Democracy.


A big range of the indigenous cultures take place in Myanmar or Burma, but Bamar and Buddhist are the primarily culture in the nation. Barmar culture is the influence of the neighboring country’s culture that manifests in the country’s language, music, theatre, dance and the cuisine. The art and the literature have been strongly influenced by the Theravada Buddhism. Yama Zatdaw is the national epic of the country.

In the traditional villages of the country the cultural life is centered by the monastery. Monks have respective place in the society. It is essential for all boys from the Buddhism family to be a novice before the being 20 years old.

The mother tongue of the country is Burmese and the official language is the Bamar that is related with the Tibetan and the Chinese languages.

Airports in Myanmar

Bagan Airport Homalin Airport Loikaw Airport Mong Ton Airport Papun Airport
Bassein Airport Kalemyo Airport Magwe Airport Myeik Airport Pauk Airport
Bhamo Airport Kawthaung Airport Manaung Airport Myitkyina Airport Prome Airport
Civil Airport Keng Tung Airport Mandalay International Airport Namsang Airport Putao Airport
Dawe Airport Khamti Airport Maulmyine Airport Namtu Airport Tachilek Airport
Gangaw Airport Kyaukpyu Airport Mingaladon Airport Nyaung-u Airport Thandwe Airport
Gwa Airport Kyauktaw Airport Momeik Airport Pa-an Airport Tilin Airport
Heho Airport Lashio Airport Mong Hsat Airport Pakokku Airport Ye Airport
Henzada Airport        


The Ministry of Education operates the educational system in Myanmar. The two different entities, the Department of Higher Education of Lower Burma and the Department of Higher Education of Upper Burma, run the professional institutes and universities from lower Burma and Burma. Their headquarters are in Mandalay and Yangon respectively. The education of the country is based on the United Kingdom’s education system. Almost all the schools of the country are government schools expect few private schools such as English Language Schools. Till the last of the elementary school, the schooling is essential to be completed.

Following are the details of educational institutions present in the country:

  • 101 universities
  • 12 institutes
  • Degree colleges- 9
  • Colleges in Burma-24
  • Technical Training Schools-10
  • Training School for nursing- 23

Economy and infrastructure

Burma is counted among the poorest nations of the southeastern Asia, and it is suffering from the decades of the mismanagement, stagnation, and isolation. The GDP grow of the country is 2.9% annually. In the Greater Mekong Subregion , there is the lowest economic growth’s rate.

Under the British Administration, Burma was honored as the richest nation in the Southeast Asia. The country was once the biggest rice exporter in the world.

Neighboring Countries

  • People’s Republic of China
  • Laos
  • Thailand
  • Bangladesh
  • India

Geographical Setting

Burma covers 678,500 sq km of the total area. The country lies between the Chittagong Division of Assam, Bangladesh, Manipur and Nagaland of India. Maximum parts of the nation located between the Equator and Tropic of Cancer.


Burma became independent on 4th January of 1948.

Total population

  • 48.9 million as per the census of 2000.

Myanmar Related Topics:

» Myanmar Maps » Sports in Myanmar » Myanmar Airports

Myanmar Tourist Attractions:

  • Shwedagon Pagoda
  • Musmeah Yeshua Synagogue
  • Kyaiktiyo Pagoda
  • Mahamani Bhuddha Temple
  • Sule Pagoda
  • Nga-htat-gyi Buddha Temple
  • Kandawgyi Lake
  • Anandha Temple
  • Taukkyan War Cemetery
  • National Museum of Myanmar