Mozambique is an island country. Bantu people were the first who settled on the island. It is considered that they came through Zambezi River valley and settled into the coastal areas between the 1st and 4th century AD. Bantu people were ironworkers and farmer.

In 1498, Portuguese explorer came in Mozambique. Portuguese expanded their influence and exercised their power through the individual settlers. By the 20th century the administration of the Portuguese had been shifted in the many of the large companies such as the Zambezi Company, Mozambique Company and the Niassa Company.

Capital: Maputo
Currency: Mozambican metical
President: Armando Guebuza
Official language: Portuguese Language
Government: Unitary state, Presidential system, Constitutional republic, Republic


The north central region of Nampula and Zambezia covers the most population of the Mozabique. Being a four million in population, Macua is the dominant group of the north part of the nation where as the Zambezi valley shelters mostly the Sena & Shona groups. The southern Mozambique is dominated by Shangaan or Tsonga group. The other groups of the country are:

  • Makonde
  • Yao
  • Swahili
  • Tonga
  • Chopi
  • Nguni

The 99.66 % of the total population of Mozambique is covered by Bantu People and rest of 0.34% includes:

  • 0.06% European
  • 0.2% Euro-European
  • 0.08% indians

The official language of the country is Portuguese and it is widely spoken in the nation. But the Bantu people speak different languages such as Makhuwa, Ndau, Sena and Shangaan.

Mozambique flag

Government and Politics

Mozambique exercises the democratic government and its democracy is based on multi party system. Executive branch of the company is comprised with a president, a prime minister and a Council of Ministers. The nation includes two assemblies- the municipal assemblies and the National Assembly. The judiciary of the country is having following courts:

  • The Supreme Court
  • Provincial Court
  • District Court
  • Municipal Court


The culture of Mozambique is diverse because of various groups living on the island. Makonde, located in the north of the country, is famous for the art of masks and sculpture where as the Chopi, located in south-central coast, is known for the traditional and complex dance and the musical arrangement. The traditional visual arts of the country reflect the native’s interest and the respect for the country’s art. The performance arts of the nation reveal the social expression as well as the daily religious activities of the people.


Under the Portuguese rule, poor Mozambicans had limited opportunities for education. This is the reason maximums of Bantu people were illiterate and even many of them unable to speak Portuguese. After the independence, country got a noticeable development in the field of education. The enrollment rate in the primary schools increased up to two-third that resulted as the great reduction in the illiteracy rate. Primary and the secondary education became compulsory in the country.

In Mozambique’s education system, the students have to clear the standardized national exams to take admission in the secondary schools.

Economy and Infrastructure

The economic growth rate of Mozambique has in creased from 1993 to 1999. During 1993 – 1999, the growth rate was estimated as 6.7% and during 1997 – 1999 in averaged over 10 percent per year. The GDP of the country slowed in 2000 due to devastating floods. And the full recovery could be attained in the year 2001 with the economic growth rate of 14.8 %.

In spite of the fewer infrastructures in the agriculture, Mozambique produced various crops that are exported. The major exports of the country are:

  • Cashews
  • Shrimp
  • Fish
  • Copra
  • Sugar
  • Cotton
  • Tea
  • Citrus fruits.

Airports in Mozambique

Alto Molocue Airport Chokwe Airport Inhaminga Airport Mocimboa Praia Airport Pebane Airport
Angoche Airport Cuamba Airport Lichinga Airport Moma Airport Ponta de Ouro Airport
Bajone Airport Dugong Airport Luabo Airport Montepuez Airport Porto Amelia Airport
Bazaruto Island Airport Gurue Airport Lumbo Airport Mueda Airport Quelimane Airport
Beira Airport Ibo Airport Maganja Da Costa Airport Nacala Airport Santa Carolina Airport
Benguera Island Airport Ila Da Chilonzuene Airport Magaruque Airport Nampula Airport Tete Airport
Caia Airport Indigo Bay Lodge Airport Maputo International Airport Nangade Airport Vilanculos Airport
Chimoio Airport Inhaca Airport Marromeu Airport Palma Airport Xai Xai Airport
Chinde Airport Inhambane Airport Matundo Airport    

Neighboring Countries

  • Tanzania
  • Malawi
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Swaziland
  • South Africa

Geographical Setting

Mozambique covers the 309,475 sq miles of total area. The island lies at Africa’s south coast. Zambezi River divides the country into two main topographical regions. The north part of Zambezi River includes the hilly area whereas the west part is rugged highland including Namuli highland, Niassa highland, Angonia highland, Makonde plateau and Tete highland.


Portuguese ruled the country for around five centuries that came to an end in 1975 when Mozambique became independent.

Total Population:

Mozambique totoal Population is 19.4 million

Mozambique Related Topics:

» Colleges and Universities in Mozambique » Sports in Mozambique » Mozambique Airports

Mozambique Tourist Attractions:

  • Quirimbas Islands
  • Benguerra Island
  • Islands of Mozambique
  • Maputo Special Reserve
  • Bazaruto Archipelago
  • Cahora Bassa Dam
  • Gorongosa National Park
  • Tofo Beach
  • Lake Malawi
  • Vilanculos Beach