Mount Everest

Mount Everest is the an intergral part of the Himalayan mountain range . These mountains are as old as 30 million to 50 million years old. The Indian continental plate is supposed to have collided with the Eurasian continental plate forcing the land to rise resulting in the formation of the Himalayas.

Sir George Everest who was the Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843, was the first person to record the location of Mount Everest. It was initially called Peak b and was later called Peak XV by the Trigonometrical Survey of India which also established that it was the world’s highest peak. It was only in 1865 that it was named up Mount Everest in honor of Sir George Everest. Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa from Nepal and Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand were the first people to climb Mount Everest (China / Nepal).

Mount Everest

Mount Everest Information

Mount Everest
Elevation 8,848 m (29,029 ft)
Prominence 8,848 m (29,029 ft)
Listing Seven Summits
Eight-thousander
Country high point
Ultra
Mount Everest Location
Location Solukhumbu District, Sagarmatha Zone, Nepal
Tingri County, Xigazê Prefecture, Tibet Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China
Range Mahalangur Himal, Himalayas
Coordinates 27°59′17″N 86°55′31″E
Mount Everest Climbing
First Ascent 29 May 1953
Edmund Hillary
Tenzing Norgay
Easiest Route South Col (Nepal)

Some Facts About Mount Everest

  • The Height of Mount Everest is 29,028 feet or 8848 meters.
  • The Indian and the Eurasian plates are still pushing against each other resulting in the Mount Everest rising a few millimeters every year.
  • . The Nepalese call it Sagarmatha which literally means “forehead of the ocean”.
  • The northern slope belongs to China and the southern slope belongs to Nepal.

Mount Everest Facts

Age of Everest Everest was formed about 60 million years ago
Elevation 29,035 (8850m)-found to be 6' higher in 1999
Name in Nepal Sagarmatha (means: goddess of the sky)
Named After Sir George Everest in 1865
First Ascent May 29,1953 by Sir Edmund Hillary, NZ and Tenzing Norgay, NP, via the South Col Route
First Solo Ascent Aug. 20,1980, Reinhold Messner, IT, via the NE Ridge to North Face
First winter Ascent Feb. 17,1980 -L.Cichy and K. Wielicki, POL
First Ascent by an American May 1,1963, James Whittaker, via the South-Col
First Ascent by a Woman May 16,1975, Junko Tabei, JAP, via the South-Col
First Ascent by an American Woman Sep.29,1988, Stacey Allison, Portland, OR via the South-East Ridge
First Oxygenless Ascent May 8, 1978- Reinhold Messner, IT, and Peter Habeler, AUT, via the South-East Ridge
Fastest Ascent from South Babu Chhiri Sherpa 34, NP-16 hours and 56 minutes (5-21-2000)
Fastest Ascent (north side) Hans Kammerlander (IT) May,24,1996, via the standard North Col Ridge Route, 16 hours 45 minutes from base camp
Youngest person Temba Tsheri (NP) 15 on May,22,2001
Best and Worst Years on Everest 1993, 129 summitted and eight died (a ratio of 16:1); in 1996, 98 summitted and 15 died (a ratio of 6½:1)
Highest Cause Cause of Death Avalanches-about a (2:1) ratio over falls
Country With Most Deaths on Mountain Nepal-46
Most Dangerous Area on Mountain Khumbu Ice Fall-19 deaths
First Ski Descent Davo Karnicar (Slovenia) 10-7-2000

Climate and Weather Conditions on Mount Everest

The weather conditions on Mount Everest are quite severe. The monsoon season from June to September sees heavy snowstorms. July is considered to be the warmest month with an average temperature of -19° C. September and October are the autumn months when temperatures decline steadily. November through March are the winter months, January being the coldest month with an average temperature at the summit being -33° C. April and May are the spring months when the weather gets warmer and the snow melts. These months are considered most suitable for climbing Mount Everest.

Mount Everest Average Temperature

July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
-18 -18 -21 -27 -30 -34 -36 -35 -32 -31 -25 -20

Things to See and Things to Do at Mount Everest

  • Gama valley is considered as the world’s most beautiful valley.
  • Zhangmu Valley, Yatung Valley and Jilong Valley are the other valleys which one should see.
  • The following gear is needed when climbing Mount Everest
  • Climbing boots
  • Open or closed circuit oxygen system
  • Crampon
  • Kerosene stove
  • Sun glasses
  • Ice axe

Mount Everest Camps

  • Camp 1 - 20,000ft (6,100m)
  • Camp 2 - 21,300ft (6,500m)
  • Camp 3 - 24,000ft (7,400m)
  • Camp 4 - 26,000ft (8,000m)
  • Summit - 29,035ft (8,850)

 

See Also Other Natural Wonders in Asia