Montenegro is a country which is situated in the Southeastern Europe. The country has the coast in south on Adriatic Sea, in northwest to the Herzegovina and Bosnia, in west to Croatia, in southeast to Albania and in northeast to Serbia.
Population: 621,081 (2012) World Bank
Official language: Montenegrin language
The multi lingual person Matteo Bartoli wrote that name of the country is derived from Venetian word which means Black Mountain as because the appearance of the pine forests of the Mount Lovcen which is inspired in the early Venetian conquerors.
The first settlers of current days were the Illyrians. The Romans conquered the areas of the country in the 9 AD. Massively the Slavs colonized the region in the 5th and the 6th centuries which forms the semi- independent principality. The Montenegro and the Serbia came to the current agreement in regarding to the continued cooperation in the year 2002, which has entered in t to the negotiations concerning to the future status of Federal Republic of the Yugoslavia.
The country has the 620,145 citizens according to the census of the year 2003. The country was the non- national civil state when this research was done. The country now recognizes the main racial groups living their. Some of them are:
The country is termed as the democratic, ecological and the civic state of the social justice which is based on reign of the Law. The country is the sovereign and the independent republic. The country proclaimed the novel constitution on October 22nd 2007. The government of the country is composed of the deputy prime minister, ministers and the prime ministers.
The culture of the country is created by the diversity of the influences through history.
These all cultures have been significant in the current centuries. The country has large number of the historical and cultural sites which includes the heritage sites from the periods of the Gothic, Baroque and pre- Romanesque periods. The coastal region of the country is particularly well known for the religious monuments which includes the Kotor, Tryphon and Cathedral of Saint. The medieval monasteries include thousands of the square meters of the frescos on the walls.
At the time of the communism the country experienced the quick period of the industrialization and urbanization. The industrial sector of the country is based on the:
The loss of earlier guarantee suppliers and the markets after break up of Yugoslavia left the industrial sector reeling as the production was balanced and the program of the privatization which was started in the year 1989 was also interrupted. The country also experienced the 2nd largest hyperinflation in the history of the country.
The education in country is regulated by Montenegrin Ministry of Education and Science. The system of the education begins in the elementary schools or the pre schools. The students enroll in elementary schools at age 6 and it lasts to the 9 years. The students can also continue the secondary education that is lasts for the 4 years. The higher education lasts with first degree after 3 – 6 years.
The neighboring countries to Montenegro are:
The country covers the total area of 13,812 sq km. internationally the disputed territory of the country is Albania and Kosovo. Historically the territory of the country was divided in “nahije”.
Some of the largest towns and cities in the country are:
The country rages from the high peaks and shares the border with the Albania and Serbia.
The country recognized in the year 1878 and gained independence from the Montenegro and Serbia in the year 2006.
The total population of the country according to the estimates of the July 2008 is 678,177 which placed the country at number 162 among the most populated countries in the entire world.
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