Mongolia is the landlocked country which is located in the East- Central Asia. The country borders in north to Russia and in south to China. The political system of the country is parliamentary republic.

Capital: Ulan Bator
Currency: Mongolian tugrik
Population: 2.796 million (2012) World Bank
Official language: Mongolian language
Government: Semi-presidential system, Parliamentary republic


Since from the prehistoric times, the country has been populated by the nomads who create the immense confederations which rose to the prominence. The first among them was the Xiongnu, who were brought mutually to create the confederation in the year 209 BC by the Modu Shanyu.


The country has very little population relative to its border neighbors Russia and China. Although majority of the citizens of the Mongolian are of the descents of the Mongol. The country has small populations of the people of:

  • Tungus
  • Kazakh
  • Tuvan

The population growth rate of the country is estimated at 1.2%.

Mongolia flag

Government and Policies:

The country is parliamentary republic. The parliament is elected by people and in turns to it elect government. The president of the country is elected directly. The constitution of the country guarantees the entire, religions and freedom of the expressions. The country has the many political parties. The largest among them is the Democratic Party and Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party.


The chief festival of the country is the Naadam which is organized from many centuries. This festival includes the 3 traditional sports of the country i.e. the horse racing, wrestling and archery. This festival takes place from the 11th July to 13th July in honor of anniversaries of the foundation of Great Mongol state and National Democratic Revolution.


The country’s economy is based on the mining and agriculture. The country has the prosperous mineral resources and coal, tin, gold, molybdenum and the tungsten accounts to the immense part of the industrial production. Recently there are approximately 30,000 self- governing business in the country, mainly which are situated near capital city.

Infrastructure :

In the current years, there has been very amazing improvement in the infrastructure of the country. The recent infrastructure in the country meets with the current industrial demands. The infrastructure of the telecommunication and electricity are reliable, but yet they are not able to cover all the sectors of population. Still the country is not able to meet the necessities in the infrastructure, particularly in the rural regions where the works of the water, roads, telecommunication and energy requires development, and also providing the opportunities to the foreign companies to make their investment in these segments.


Education was the field of the considerable achievement in the country during the period of state socialist. Illiteracy was almost eliminated, in fraction during use of the regular boarding schools for the children of the itinerant families. All the financial support to these schools was cut in 1990’s which has contributed in the very small increase in illiteracy. Formerly the secondary and the primary educationlasted 10 years, but currently are expanded for the 11 years and is planned to increase it further to the 12 years.

Airports in Mongolia

Altai Airport Chinggis Khaan International Airport Khatgal Airport Moron Airport Ulgit Airport
Arvaikheer Airport Choibalsan Airport Khovd Airport Tosontsengel Airport Uliastai Airport
Baruun-Urt Airport Dalanzadgad Airport Khujirt Airport Tsetserleg Airport Umnugobitour Airport
Bayankhongor Airport Erdenet Airport Mandalgobi Airport Ulaangom Airport Underkhaan Airport
Bulgan Airport Kharkhorin Airport      

Neighboring Countries :

The under mentioned are the neighboring countries to Mongolia:

  • Russia
  • China

Geographical Settings:

At 1,564,116 sq km, the country is the 9th largest country in the entire globe after Iran. The country is considerably bigger than country Peru. Mongolia is twice larger than Texas, and is somehow larger than the Germany, France and Spain.


The country gained its independence on 29th December, 1911 from the Qing dynasty.

Total Population:

Today the country has more than 2.8 million of the population and more than 1 million of the population resides in the rural regions and significantly engaged in the customarily domestic animals herding and up to some of the extent in the crop production. The average life expectancy rate of the country is over sixty years.

Mongolia Related Topics:

» Colleges and Universities in Mongolia » Sports in Mongolia » Mongolia Airports » Mongolia Travel Agencies

Mongolia Tourist Attractions:

  • Erdene Zuu monastrey
  • Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park
  • Gorkhi-Terelj National Park
  • Flaming Cliffs


  • Gandantegchinlen Monastery
  • Yolyn Am
  • Choijin Lama Temple
  • National Museum of Mongolia
  • Sukhbaatar Square
  • Sky Resort