Where form the term Malta has been derived, it is uncertain. Some people say that it is originated form Greek word ‘MeLite’ that means honey or the honey-sweet. About 700 BC, there was a Greek influence at the island. During 395-870, the island was dominated by the Byzantine Empire that was Greek speaking.
As the modern history of the island is concerned,Malta continued absorbing Italy’s cultural influence. The country was turned as big naval base by Britain. The country faced five months continuous bombing raids during the World War II that made it devastated. Maltastarted slightly moving toward independence just after the war.
Area: 316 km²
Currency: European Euro
Population: 418,366 (2012) World Bank
Official languages: English Language, Maltese Language
Religion- Malta’s constitution allows the freedom in religion but the Roman Catholicism is established as a State Religion by the constitution. With the 98 percent of country’s population, the Roman Catholic is the dominating culture that makes the country as large catholic nation in world.
Language- English and Maltese are two official languages in Malta. Semitic language is the national language in the country.
Malta is the republic nation. The public administration and the parliamentary system of the nation are closely based on the Westminster System. 65 parliament’s members make the House of Representatives of the nation. The President is elected for the five years. The president’s role in the government is ceremonial; actually the government of the country is headed by the Prime Minister who is appointed by the President.
The major political parties in the country are:
The original culture of Malta is greatly influenced with the different cultures. Music- the traditional music of Malta includes ‘ghana’. The folk music of the country is still accompanied by the traditional guitar and song is sweetened with singsong voice of male and female singers. Mainly the lyrics of the song are meant for creating a challenging as well as friendly atmosphere. Now the music of Malta is also getting westernized day by day.
In Malta, primary and secondary schooling both are compulsory. From the age of 5 years to the age of 16 years, each and every child has to go school. The state government gives free education up to secondary schools whereas some private schools educate the students on the cost of money. There are some church schools in the nation, and the teachers of the church schools are paid the state government.British Model is the based on Malt’s education system. The students have to complete the 6 years education of primary school and then from the age of 11 they enter the secondary schools. They can take admission in any of the schools whether it is state school or the church school. At the age of 16, students are appeared into SEC O-level exam.
Till 1800, the main base of the economic of Malta was industries like tobacco, cotton and shipyards. Later the British used the dockyard for military purpose. The economy of the present day Malta is based on foreign trade, manufacturing and tourism. There are number of standard hotels at the island that are promoting tourism and earning foreign currency for the country. Well developed film industry has also a great contribution in country’s economy.
Malta is an island nation lies in Mediterranean Sea of Southern Europe. The country’s coastline gives good harbors. The landscape of the island is characterized with low hills as well as terraced fields. Ta’Dmejrek is the highest point known at the island that’s height is estimated as 253 meters. The island does not have any permanent lake or river. There are some rivers that flow only in the rainy season. Some watercourses found in Malta give fresh water through out the year.As far as the climate is concerned, it is accompanied with rainy winter and dry summers.
Malta got its independence from Britain in the year 1964 dated 21st September.
Malta’s capital city is Valletta that is located at the northeastern shore of the island. The official name of the city is Umilissima Civitas Valletta.
According to the census of 2007, the population of Malt is 410,290.
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