Capital: Kuala Lumpur
Dialing code: +60
Population: 29.24 million (2012) World Bank
Official language: Malaysian language
Currency :Malaysian ringgit
The country was named as Malaysia in year 1963 when Federation of Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak and North Borneo formed a federation of 14 states. During late 18th-19th century, British colonies were established by the Great Britain in those areas that was under the occupation of Japan. After 1963, the initial years of Malaysia were blemished by the Indonesian effort for controlling the Malaysia.
The population of the Malaysia includes various ethnic groups but the Bumiputra and Malays group that contribute to the major parts of country’s population. The constitution defines that Muslims of the nation are the Malays who practice the Malaya culture and custom.
The society of the country is multi-religious but the official religion is Islam. The 60.4 % of the total population of the country is dominated by the Muslim religion. Other religions are:
Malaysia is the federal constitutional elective monarchy. Yang di-Pertuan Agong is the head of state in the country. He is referred as the King of Malaysia. The election for the Yang di Pertuan Agong is held on every five years. He is elected among the Malaysia’s 9 hereditary Sultans. The government system of the country is based on the Westminster parliamentary system.
The legislative power of the country is alienated between state and federal legislatures. Bicameral parliament includes:
Chief Ministers lead the state governments who are the member of State assembly. Each of the ChiefMinisters must be Malay Muslim.
Malaysia is known as a multi-cultural, multilingual society and multi-ethnic group. The population of the country is contributed by Malays 62%, Chinese 24% and Indians 8%. Malays is the biggest community in the country and they follow Muslim culture. The culture of the country is greatly diverse intermingled with the Indian and Chinese culture. It is considered that earlier the Malays used to write in Sanskrit or the alphabets based on Sanskrit. Jawi script became prominent after 15th century.
Music has an important place in the Malaysian culture. The traditional music of Malaysia is influenced by Islamic and Chinese forms. The traditional instruments used in the Malaysian Music are:
|Alor Setar Airport||Kota-Kinabalu International Airport||Limbang Airport||Mulu Sarawak Airport||Sipitang Airport|
|Bakalalan Airport||Kuala Lumpur International Airport Airport||Long Akah Airport||Pamol Airport||Sitiawan Airport|
|Bario Airport||Kuantan Airport||Long Banga Airfield Airport||Pangkor Airport||Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport|
|Batu Berendam Airport||Kuantan Port Airport||Long Lama Airport||Pasir Gudang Port Airport||Sultan Azlan Shah Airport|
|Belaga Airport||Kuching Airport||Long Lellang Airport||Penang International Airport||Sultan Ismail Intl Airport|
|Bintulu Airport||Kuching Port Airport||Long Pasia Airport||Penang Port Airport||Sultan Ismail Petra Airport|
|Bintulu Port Airport||Kudat Airport||Long Seridan Airport||Ranau Airport||Sultan Mahmood Airport|
|Butterworth Airport||Labuan Airport||Long Sukang Airport||Sahabat 16 Airport||Sungei Tekai Airport|
|Ferry Airport||Lahad Datu Airport||LTS Pulau Redang Airport||Sandakan Airport||Taiping Airport|
|Genting Airport||Langakawi Intl Airport||Marudi Airport||Sematan Airport||Taman Negara Airport|
|Kapit Airport||Lawas Airport||Mersing Airport||Semporna Airport||Tanjung Pelepas Port Airport|
|Keningau Airport||Lawas Airport||Miri Airport||Sepulot Airport||Tawau Airport|
|Kerteh Airport||Layang-Layang Airstrip Airport||Mostyn Airport||Sibu Airport||Telupid Airport|
|Kota Kinabalu Port Airport||Tioman Airport||Mukah Airport||Simanggang Airport|
Ministry of Education monitors the education system in Malaysia. Between three to six years, children begin their schooling in kindergarten. Most of the kindergartens are private but there are some kindergartens are operated by government. When the children complete seven years of their life they can start their primary education. All the subjects are taught in Malay medium except science and math. These two subjects are taught in other language.
Malaysia is biggest producer of rubber, palm oil and tin. All three commodities as well as some other recourses, makes the economy of the country stabled. In 1955, the government of Malaysia announced the First Malayan Five Year Plan. When the Malaysia got its own establishment, the plan was re-titled as First Malaysia Plan in the year 1965. Along with the Japanese investment, the Malaysian export worked as the engine that enhanced the primary growth of the country’s economy. Country is having well-developed tourism industry that has also a great contribution in Malaysian economy.
The neighboring countries of the Malaysia are as follows:
The South China Sea separates the Malaysia’s two distinct parts- East and West Malaysia, the coastal area of the country. These parts of the country also include dense forests and high hills. Mount Kinabalu is the highest hill of the country.
Malaysia became independent on 31st August 1957.
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