Malawi

It is considered that Malawi was once known as Maravi state that was founded by Chewa people during 16th century. The territory was once the British protectorate of the Nyasaland in the year 1891. Later it became an independent country of Malawi. The country was having one-party rule for almost three decades that came to an end in the year 1994 when a multiparty election was held under the President Hastings Kamuzu BANDA. The election was held with the provisional constitution.

Capital: Lilongwe
President: Peter Mutharika
Currency: Malawian kwacha
Population: 15.91 million (2012) World Bank
Official language: English Language

Demography

The name Malawi has been derived from the word Marvie that refers to Bantu People. They belong to southern Congo. The 90% of the population of the country is contributed by the Chewas. Apart from them Asians and Europeans also serve the population of the country.

Malawi Flag

Government and Politics

The Malawi Congress Party headed the government of the country around 31 years. Malawi became republic in the year 1966 and in the same year the nation was declared as one party state. The entire citizens were compelled to be the member of the particular party, Under Banda. The system was continued till 1993 and from the 1993 the country politics and government adopted the multiparty system.

According to the constitution of 1995, the president is the head of the country’s government and also plays the role of the chief of state. He is elected through a direct election held on every five year. The president is assisted by vice President who is also elected with the President. The President has a right to appoint one more vice President but he should be from other party. The National Assembly is having 193 seats and all the members of the assembly are elected for the fiver year term.

As per the constitution the judiciary of the nation is independent and the judicial system of Malawi is based on English model.

Culture

Though the culture of Malawi has also been influenced with the modernization, but still the traditional culture is enjoying a healthy breath in some areas; especially the villages are carrying the flavor of the ancient tradition of Malawi. Music plays a significant role in Malawi culture. Traditional folk songsand dances are still accompanied with the traditional drum. The most famous dances are:

  • Ingoma, for men
  • Gule wa mkulu, for men
  • Chimtali for women
  • Visekese , for women

The art and the craft is also the integral part of country’s culture. There are two museums in the country that preserve the ancient art of the nation. These museums are:

  • The museum of Malawi in Blantyre
  • Mangochi Museum

Education

The primary school education is compulsory in the country. For taking admission in the primary school, the child should of minimum 6 year. The primary school includes the 8 years education; from 1st to 8th standard. At success full completion of 8 years the students have to be appeared in the Primary School Leaving Certificate examination.The secondary school starts from class 9th that comes to an end after passing 12th standard. Student can take admission in government secondary schools or in various private secondary schools.The University of Malawi is the main and the central university of the nation that was established in 1965. It provides various masters as well as degree courses to the students. Apart from it newly opened Mzuzu University also teaches a great number of students.

Airports in Malawi

Chelinda Airport Dwangwa Airport Kumuzu International Airport Monkey Bay Airport Salima Airport
Chileka Airport Karonga Airport Likoma Airport Mvuu Camp Airport Mzuzu Airport
Club Makokola Airport Kasungu Airport Mangochi Airport    

Economy and Infrastructure

  • The economy of Malawi mainly depends on agriculture.
  • Tobacco, sugar and tea are the main exports.
  • 38.6% of GDP is represented by agriculture.
  • The real GDP, estimated in 2004, is 3.9%.

Neighboring countries

  • Zambia
  • Tanzania
  • Mozambique

Geographical setting

Malawi is situated in the southeastern Africa. Running through the nation, the Great Rift Valley is the important part of country’s geography. Some other components of the nation’s geography are:

  • Lake Malawi
  • Shire Rivers
  • Zambezi River

The climate of the country can be called subtropical. From November to April country bears rainy season.

Great Persons

  • Madonna, a singer as well actress.

Total population

  • 13,931,831- 2008

Malawi Related Topics:

» Colleges and Universities in Malawi » Sports in Malawi » Malawi Airports

Malawi Tourist Attractions:

  • Liwonde National Park
  • Lengwe National Park
  • Chichiri Museum
  • Lake Malawi National Park
  • Chongoni Rock Art Area

 

  • Nyika National Park
  • Nkhotakota Game Reserve
  • Kasungu National Park
  • Mount Soche
  • Lake Chilwa
  • Viphya Forest