Luxembourg was founded in the year 936 and in the year 1839, it became grand duchy. In 1850, iron’s discovery is the one of the important events the history of Luxembourg that ushered the country into 20th century. After the occupation of Nazi during World War II, in 1948, Luxembourg left its neutrality for joining different economical, military and political organizations such as the United Nation and NATO.
Population: 531,441 (2012) World Bank
Official languages: French, German Language, Luxembourgish language
Colleges and Universities: University of Luxembourg
In 1900 is the year when Luxembourg participated first time in the Summer Olympics. From 1900 to till now the country could win only two Olympic medals:
The Luxembourgers are the said native of Luxembourg. The population of the country is Celtic based blended with a Germanic and French. The native’s population has been contributed by the people came from Portugal, Belgium, Germany, Italy and France but the majority came from Portugal.
The official languages of Luxembourg are Luxembourgish, French and German. Luxembourgish is also the national language of the nation. Apart form these three official languages; English is also used by many of people during written as well as verbal communication.
Luxembourg is having parliamentary democracy and is headed by the constitutional monarch. The cabinet and the governor exercise the executive power in the nation as per the constitution of 1868. The governor has a full right for dissolving the legislature and also for reinstating new one.
The culture of Luxembourg is influenced with its neighbor’s culture up to a great extent. The country’s own natural and distinct culture is still reflected in its big folk tradition in the rural area. Many of world renowned artists have been produced by the nation and some of them are:
The educational system in Luxembourg is controlled and organized by the Luxembourg State. The compulsory education includes 11 years including:
Public education is provided free in the country by the government. It paid a one of the biggest budget over the public education. The equipments and text books are provided free to students of primary by the Municipalities.
Luxembourg has a stabled economy that features:
The industrial sector includes rubber, chemical and some other products but earlier it was dominated by steel. Though during few decades, a declination occurred in steel industry but it is greatly compensated by the growth of financial sector.
Luxembourg shares its border with following neighboring countries:
Luxembourg is counted among the smallest countries of Europe that covers around 2,586 km of total area; 57 km wide and 82 km long. The country’s northern third is called Oesling, the area dominated by many hills as well low mountain. Kneiff is the highest point in this area that’s height is measured as 560 meters. Gutland is the two third of southern Luxembourg that is populated more densely than that of Oesling. Gutland is diverse and includes five geographical sub regions. The lowest region of the country is the Moselle valley.
The Sauer, the Moselle and the Our are the three rivers that form the border of Germany and Luxembourg. The other main rivers of the country are:
Luxembourg became independent state within Netherlands in the year 1815 but it attained the complete independence in the year 1867.
The United Nation estimated the population of the Luxembourg as 453,000 in the year 2003. According to the census of the 2003, the 14% of the total population was contributed by people more the 65 years and 19 % people were below 15 years.
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