Lithuania was occupied by USSR in the year 1940 but during both of the World Wars, the country remained independent. On the 11 March of 1990, the countrydeclared its freedom and became the first Soviet republics which got independence. But till the September 1993, this proclamation was not recognized by Moscow. In 1993, the last of the Russian troop withdrew.

Capital: Vilnius
Currency: Lithuanian litas
President: Dalia Grybauskaitė
Population: 2.986 million (2012) World Bank
Colleges and Universities: Vilnius University


The 84 % of the total population of Lithuania dominated by ethnic Lithuanians and remaining are 6.3% Poles, 5.1% Russians and 1.1% Belarusians. Poles are the biggest minority whereas the second biggest minority is contributed by Russians. Lithuanian is the main spoken language as well as official language in the country

Roman Catholic is the most dominating religion in Lithuania. Most of the Lithuanians belong to Roman Catholic Church.

Government and Politics

Right from the independence, Lithuania is a strong democratic country. The 1st general election was held in the country on 25th October, 1992 in which 56% of the voters voted in favor of new constitution. In the nation, the president is the head of states who is elected for five year. The president post is hugely ceremonial. He also plays the role of the commander in chief of military. President is responsible to appoint the Constitutional Court’s judge who serves 9-years terms.

Lithuania Flag


The Family

  • The social structure of the nation is centered with the family.

The religion

  • Roman Catholic is the main religion of the nation
  • the Roman Catholic Church is having great influence over the daily life of the natives
  • the church helped in preserving the identity of the country during Soviet Union

Meeting and Greeting

  • Handshake is the most common way to greet and it must be accompanied with pleasant smile and eye contact.
  • Once the relationship is established, greeting becomes unreserved including a hug.


English is the main foreign language taught in most of the Lithuanian schools and German is also taught in many of schools whereas in few schools, students learn French as a foreign language.

The largest university in the country is Vilnius University and it is also reputed as the oldest universities in entire Europe. The university gives higher education to large number of students of country as well as entire Europe. Technical education is also provided to the interested students. The biggest technical university in the country is Kaunas University of Technology.

Economy and Infrastructure

Lithuania had the biggest rate of growth in economy, prior to be the member of European Union. The country is the member of World Trade Organization as well as EU and it having average income.

The nation boasts a good development in the modern infrastructures such as airports, railway and 4-lane highways. The country is enjoying a full employment with unemployment rate of 2.9%

Neighboring countries

  • Latvia
  • Belarus
  • Poland

Geographical Setting

Lithuania is located in North Europe. The country has about 99 km sandy coastline and out of them, 38 km lies on Baltic Sea. The landscape of the country is smoothed by the glaciers. Moraines are the highest areas in eastern highlands and western uplands. The territory of the country is sub-divided into 2 eco-regions- Sarmatic mixed forests and Central European mixed forests.

Airports in Lithuania:

Kaunas Airport Palanga International Airport Panevezys Airport Siauliai International Airport Vilnius Airport


Lithuania declared its freedom and became the first Soviet republics which got independence on 11th March, 1990.

Total Population

According to the census of 2000, July, the total population of the European country Lithuania is 3,620,800. But the population rate of the country is gradually decreasing. The current growth rate ofthe country’s population is -0.29. Main reason of this small growth rate is the imbalance between the birth rate and death rate.

Lithuania Related Topics:

» Lithuania Agencies » Sports in Lithuania » Lithuania Airports » Colleges and Universities in Lithuania

Lithuania Tourist Attractions:

  • Gediminas Tower
  • St. Peter and St. Paul's Church, Vilnius
  • Town Hall
  • Museum of Genocide Victims
  • Curonian Spit
  • Lake Galve


  • Gate of Dawn
  • Aukstaitija National Park
  • Europos Parkas
  • Place of the Grand Dukes of Lithunia
  • Christ's Resurrection Church
  • Palanga Amber Museum
  • Vilnius Cathedral
  • Vilnius Castle Complex
  • Ninth Fort