Lithuania was occupied by USSR in the year 1940 but during both of the World Wars, the country remained independent. On the 11 March of 1990, the countrydeclared its freedom and became the first Soviet republics which got independence. But till the September 1993, this proclamation was not recognized by Moscow. In 1993, the last of the Russian troop withdrew.
Currency: Lithuanian litas
President: Dalia Grybauskaitė
Population: 2.986 million (2012) World Bank
Colleges and Universities: Vilnius University
The 84 % of the total population of Lithuania dominated by ethnic Lithuanians and remaining are 6.3% Poles, 5.1% Russians and 1.1% Belarusians. Poles are the biggest minority whereas the second biggest minority is contributed by Russians. Lithuanian is the main spoken language as well as official language in the country
Roman Catholic is the most dominating religion in Lithuania. Most of the Lithuanians belong to Roman Catholic Church.
Right from the independence, Lithuania is a strong democratic country. The 1st general election was held in the country on 25th October, 1992 in which 56% of the voters voted in favor of new constitution. In the nation, the president is the head of states who is elected for five year. The president post is hugely ceremonial. He also plays the role of the commander in chief of military. President is responsible to appoint the Constitutional Court’s judge who serves 9-years terms.
Meeting and Greeting
English is the main foreign language taught in most of the Lithuanian schools and German is also taught in many of schools whereas in few schools, students learn French as a foreign language.
The largest university in the country is Vilnius University and it is also reputed as the oldest universities in entire Europe. The university gives higher education to large number of students of country as well as entire Europe. Technical education is also provided to the interested students. The biggest technical university in the country is Kaunas University of Technology.
Lithuania had the biggest rate of growth in economy, prior to be the member of European Union. The country is the member of World Trade Organization as well as EU and it having average income.
The nation boasts a good development in the modern infrastructures such as airports, railway and 4-lane highways. The country is enjoying a full employment with unemployment rate of 2.9%
Lithuania is located in North Europe. The country has about 99 km sandy coastline and out of them, 38 km lies on Baltic Sea. The landscape of the country is smoothed by the glaciers. Moraines are the highest areas in eastern highlands and western uplands. The territory of the country is sub-divided into 2 eco-regions- Sarmatic mixed forests and Central European mixed forests.
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Lithuania declared its freedom and became the first Soviet republics which got independence on 11th March, 1990.
According to the census of 2000, July, the total population of the European country Lithuania is 3,620,800. But the population rate of the country is gradually decreasing. The current growth rate ofthe country’s population is -0.29. Main reason of this small growth rate is the imbalance between the birth rate and death rate.
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