List of Forests in Canada

Forests in "Canada" are mostly covered with dark trees and wooded lands, they covers over half of the countries land area and from coast to coast which is nearly 400 million hectares. Acknowledge the priority of natural resources. Only one thing to check is that the extraordinary range of aspects that a forest performs.

In Canada’s forest the water is fully purified and it also balances the soil and cycle nutrients. It neutralizes the climatic conditions and stores the carbon. They create an environment for the wildlife to survive and also take care of the biological diversity.
They assist to setup an industry for nationwide forest that it can provide hundreds and thousands of jobs for the unemployment and also stands as a back bone for the country’s economy. Canadian forests provide a great sceneries and resources that are essential for human needs and host of recreational, cultural, traditional and spiritual pursuits.


The major health issue of forest is biodiversity. There are about 140,000 species of plants, animals, 180 varieties of species of trees and several micro-organisms that are living in the forest. The average area of the Canada’s forest is increasing from east to west. This may affect or disturb the frequencies of the natural variations in species longevity.
Behind the possible calmness of a forest there are several biological operations are continuously in under progress. All are correlated with every ecosystem, water, energy and nutrients all these are in a constant process through essential processes. They are photosynthesis, respiration and decomposition.

Economic benefits of the forest

The forest industry in Canada provides the employability of about 600,000 people they usually work as milling, harvesting and other manufacturing jobs. The forest products of Canada are from raw materials of timber, pulp and paper are the bioproducts which increases the income and other appears high-value, forest-derived goods in the service of local and international markets.

Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

  • Eastern forest-boreal transition
  • Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests
  • Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests
  • Lac Saint-Jean and Saguenay valley forests
  • New England-Acadian forests
  • Western Great Lakes forests

Temperate Coniferous Forests

  • Alberta Mountain forests
  • Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests
  • British Columbia mainland coastal forests
  • Cascade Mountains leeward forests
  • Central British Columbia mountain forests
  • Central Pacific coastal forests
  • Eastern Cascades forests
  • Fraser Plateau and Basin complex
  • North Central Rockies forests
  • Northern Pacific coastal forests
  • Northern transitional alpine forests
  • Okanogan dry forests
  • Puget lowland forests
  • Queen Charlotte Islands

Boreal Forests / Taiga

  • Central Canadian Shield forests
  • Eastern Canadian forests
  • Eastern Canadian Shield taiga
  • Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga
  • Mid-Continental Canadian forests
  • Midwestern Canadian Shield forests
  • Muskwa-Slave Lake forests
  • Newfoundland Highland forests
  • Northern Canadian Shield taiga
  • Northern Cordillera forests
  • Northwest Territories taiga
  • South Avalon-Burin oceanic barrens
  • Southern Hudson Bay taiga
  • Yukon Interior dry forests

Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

  • Canadian aspen forests and parklands
  • Northern mixed grasslands
  • Northern short grasslands
  • Northern tall grasslands


  • Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra
  • Arctic coastal tundra
  • Arctic foothills tundra
  • Baffin coastal tundra
  • Brooks-British Range tundra
  • Davis Highlands tundra
  • High Arctic tundra
  • Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra
  • Low Arctic tundra
  • Middle Arctic tundra
  • Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra
  • Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra
  • Torngat Mountain tundra