List of Deserts

List of Deserts

World Wide Deserts List

The Desert is a place where the living conditions are combative for animals as well as plants and no vegetation could be found in the area. The 1/3rd of the world is covered by long desert that are hot deserts as well as cold deserts. The desert is a place where the land is not suitable for living and also insufficient vegetation cover for human stand by. This also includes the polar region in North and South that are considered as the Cold Desert. The deserts are formed due to change in weather condition with large margins in day and night.

Continent Wise Deserts List

World Deserts Links
List of Deserts in Africa List of Deserts in North America
List of Deserts in Asia List of Deserts in Soth America
List of Deserts in Australia List of Deserts in Polar Regions
List of Deserts in Europe List of Deserts in Oceania
Desert Plants Deserts Animals
List of Deserts By Area  

Desert are classified into four types Coastal, semiarid, Hot and Cold. The world’s top list of deserts are classified as follows,

  • Antarctic Desert in Antarctica Cold desert
  • Arctic Desert in Arctic region Cold desert
  • Himalaya Cold desert
  • North Slopes of Alaska Cold Desert
  • Sahara Desert in Africa Hot Desert
  • Arabian Desert Middle East
  • Gobi Desert Asia
  • Patagonian desert
  • Great Victoria Desert
  • Kalahari Desert
  • Great Basin Desert
  • Syrian Desert

Climate in hot desert vary rapidly with respect to day and night. The weather condition on hot desert stands from 40 degrees celsius to 65 degrees celsius on an average compared to the world. The temperature in Cold deserts stand at a lowest of -70 degrees in winter to that of 4 degrees in summer.

Deserts have very less plants survival and growth due to the condition and the dramatic changes to the temperature during day as well as night. In hot deserts the temperature reach upto 50 degrees and considering to that of night may drop to 4 degrees as the sand chills out very quickly.

The plants face severe condition due to which they reduce their habitation to grow small. The plants that leave in the desert are The Giant Saguaro Cacti, The Camel Thron Tree, Salt bush and mesquite tree. The Giant Saguaro cacti has a lifespan of 200 years which grow very slowly when compared to other plants and can store a total of 8 tons water during heavy rain in desert for years. The salt bush in Australia has small leaves and stems due to the weather condition in the place. Plants dehydrate less water for a longer life by shortening their growth.

The moving species in desert are very rare and most of them are seen under cover beneath the sand for depth of one feet to avoid excess temperature outside. The animals that are seen in hot deserts are Spiders, Scorpion, Kangaroo rats, Jerboas, Phrynosoma, Moloch Lizards, desert lark, sandgrouse and Cursorius cursor. Some of the mammals such as "the ship of desert" Camel, Antelope, Gazelle and Orxy. Some of the animals that leave in Cold desert are the Polar Bear, Arctic Fox, the emperor penguin and arctic weasel.

Culture

People are leaving in deserts from millennia. The human tribes who are habituated to the desert or the hot climate feed themselves on Milk, Blood and meat from the mammals. The tribes who lived in desert and prolonging their life in deserts such are Bushmen in Kalahari , North American Indians and Aborigines, who are originally the hunter gatherers. These tribes mostly depend on cattle, sheep, goats, camels, llamas and yaks. They travel to all places around, track animals and search for water around.

The present stands state that the Desert areas have been stretching themselves up due to the change in climatic conditions that are now. According to the new stats the expansion of Sahara desert is been 30 miles every year towards the south.

List of Deserts by Area

Rank Name Type Area
(km)
Area
(sq mi)
Location
1 Antarctica Desert Cold Winter 14,000,000 5,600,000 Antarctica
2 Sahara Desert Subtropical 9,000,000+ 3,300,000+ North Africa (Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia and Western Sahara)
3 Arabian Desert Subtropical 2,330,000 900,000 Western Asia (Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen)
4 Gobi Desert Cold Winter 1,000,000 500,000 East Asia (China and Mongolia)
5 Kalahari Desert Subtropical 900,000 360,000 Southern Africa (Angola, Botswana, Namibia and South Africa)
6 Patagonian Desert Cold Winter 620,000 200,000 South America (Argentina and Chile)
7 Great Victoria Desert Subtropical 647,000 220,000 Australia
8 Syrian Desert Subtropical 520,000 200,000 Western Asia (Iraq, Jordan, Syria, and Turkey)
9 Great Basin Desert Cold Winter 492,000 190,000 United States
10 Chihuahuan Desert Subtropical 450,000 175,000 North America (Mexico and United States)
11 Great Sandy Desert Subtropical 400,000 150,000 Australia
12 Karakum Desert Cold Winter 350,000 135,000 Turkmenistan
13 Colorado Plateau Cold Winter 337,000 130,000 United States
14 Sonoran Desert Subtropical 310,000 120,000 North America (Mexico and United States)
15 Kyzyl Kum Cold Winter 300,000 115,000 Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan)
16 Taklamakan Desert Cold Winter 270,000 105,000 China
17 Thar Desert Subtropical 200,000 77,000 South Asia (India and Pakistan)
18 Gibson Desert Subtropical 156,000 60,000 Australia
19 Simpson Desert Subtropical 145,000 56,000 Australia
20 Atacama Desert Cool Coastal 140,000 54,000 South America (Chile and Peru)
21 Mojave Desert Subtropical 124,000 48,000 United States
22 Namib Desert Cool Coastal 81,000 31,000 Southern Africa (Angola and Namibia)
23 Dasht-e Kavir Subtropical 77,000 30,000 Iran
24 Dasht-e Lut Subtropical 52,000 20,000 Iran

List of Deserts in the World