Libya is a country located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is encircled by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the south east, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
Tripoli is the largest and the capital city of Libya. This country is spread over an area of 1,759,541 square kilometers on land with negligible surface water and reservoirs of water go underground.
Libya is home to a population of 6,420,000 people as per the 2010 estimate. The official language of this country is Arabic. It lies between the latitudes 19 degree and 34 degree north, and 9 degree and 26 degree east longitudes.
Five different climatic zones have been recognized in Libya. The Mediterranean climate and Saharan climate dominate Libya. The climate is Mediterranean with warm summers and mild winters in the coastal lowlands. Libya experiences meager rainfall. In highlands, the weather is cooler and freezing occurs only at maximum elevations.
The interiors of the desert have very hot summers and extreme day temperature ranges. A deficiency in rainfall is recorded in the absence of permanent rivers or streams.
The following are the highest peaks in Libya;
The Libyan Desert is the only desert located in Libya. It is situated in the northern and eastern part of the Sahara Desert. It comprises of the desert of western Egypt, eastern and southern Libya, and northwestern Sudan. It also comprises of the Great Sans Sea, Calanshio Sand Sea, and the Rebiana Sand Sea.
Alfalfa and wheat can be seen all around in Libya. Many fruits and vegetables are grown in the irrigated farms, while dates and olives survive. Palms are found only in the groundwater. Acacia tree is seen in the dry deserts.
Though few animals survive in the deserts, none can beat the camel. A few wild animals include jackal and fennec. Though a wide variety of birds are seen, crows and black and white mula-mula is frequent visitor.
|Map of Libya|