Built on a prehistoric marsh in the middle of the Nevada desert, Las Vegas - "The Meadows" has a tradition and great history. To understand the history of the Strip, we need to step back into the early 1800's. For centuries, this oasis was actually unknown, as it was guarded by the hard realities of the Mojave Desert that surrounds it.
In 1829, on a detour from the Spanish Trail to L.A. a 60-man band, headed by Antonio Armijo traveled about 100 miles northeast of what is currently Las Vegas. Rafael Rivera, seeking for water, found the Las Vegas Springs. This discovery cut down the Spanish Trail and stimulated even more migration towards the west for gold. After fourteen years, John C. Fremont headed an expedition west and stayed at Las Vegas Springs. Fremont's name became popular and came to limelight.
|Las Vegas Strip Route Information|
|Length:||4.2 mi (6.8 km)|
|Las Vegas Strip Major Junctions|
|South End:||Russell Road|
|North End:||Sahara Avenue|
In the mid of 1800, the Mormons arrived from Salt Lake City. Their main aim was to protect the Los Angeles-Salt Lake City mail passage. In 1855, they began constructing what can still be witnessed as the Old Mormon Fort. They planted fruit trees and vegetables and started mining lead from the mountains of close vicinity. They stayed for only about 2 years, though, and went back to Salt Lake City.
In 1864, Nevada was incorporated to the union, during the Civil War.
After this, it was almost after thirty years, when the Vegas Valley got further attention. That attention was shown from railroad developers who believed that this oasis would be transformed into a good railroad stop along the way to the west coast. Work began in the summer of 1904 and a complete town was erected coupled with commercial dealing, saloons and boarding houses. The inaugural ply on the San Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad from California east was executed on Jan 20, 1905. The Union Pacific Railroad absorbed this small railroad and even now, there is a railroad station situated in downtown Vegas. It is situated at Main and Fremont streets, on the initial site, but now is situated in a hotel-casino.
The City of Las Vegas was discovered on May 15, 1905 soon after and the railroad was auctioned for 1,200 lots in one day. Those lots are currently running the casinos of Glitter Gulch.
Nevada was the last western state to prohibit gambling in the 1900's. Gambling could not stop, far from reality; it just disappeared to reappear on appropriate time. Then Nevada was the initial state to provide legal approval to casino-style gaming in 1931. The goal of the bill was to raise funds for public schools. Today, gambling is the source of 43% of the state's general fund and more than 34% of that finance is spent on public education. The same year, construction of Hoover Dam was started. Las Vegas was quite much insulated from the immense depression. There were jobs galore due to the Union Pacific Railroad, dam construction and gambling.
In 1941, hotelman Tommy Hull constructed the El Rancho Vegas Hotel-Casino in the back of Sahara Hotel. This was the beginning of the strip as we know it. Things diminished considerably during WWII, but the script (handwriting) was on the wall. During that period, Nellis AFB turned out to be the main military set up. Many individual who were placed there, went back as civilians to live in Vegas.
The late 40's witnessed a building boom. Several hotel-casinos (Thunderbird, Last Frontier, and Club Bingo) were constructed along the highway that headed from Vegas to L.A thereby giving birth to the Strip. Then come into existence the Flamingo Hotel.
The Flamingo was the creation of mobster Bugsy Siegel and opened for public at large on New Year's Eve, 1946 with its pink neon sign and replica of pink flamingos in the front. Bugsy was assassinated six months after in his girlfriend's home in Beverly Hills. But he has made his mark. Bugsy had facilitated a Florida resort hotel design for the Flamingo that lifted the standard for the future.
The maximum highest temperature may reach 40 °C (104 °F) in July month. The lowest monthly average temperature goes down to 0°C (32 °F) in January. Las Vegas, Nevada's land receives an average of 96 mm (3.8 in) of rainfall every year, or 8 mm (0.3 in) every month. The wettest weather is considered to be January, July, August wherein an average of 13 mm (0.5 in) of rainfall (precipitation) is witnessed. Every year, one can find frost in Las Vegas, Nevada for 41 days on an average. And in January, the number of days you can find frost there is 16 days on an average.