Ladakh perched at an altitude of 9000ft to 25170 ft is a place of craggy barren cliffs, plateaus and towering mountain ranges. Ladakh also known as ‘Little Tibet’ is a part of Jammu and Kashmir and the one place where the rich traditions of Mahayana Buddhism still flourish. Ladakh which means the ‘The Land of Passes’ comprises of two districts Leh and Kargil. The Zanskar and the Ladakh range lie here accompanied by the mighty Indus. The maximum temperature in summer here is 25 degrees Celsius and in winters temperatures drop to -25 degrees Celsius.

Tourist attractions in Ladakh are the Shey Palace, the museum at Stok palace and the Thiksey monastery.

Ladakh Information

Coordinates 34°10′12″N 77°34′48″E
Country India
State Jammu and Kashmir
Largest City Leh
270,126 (2001)
3 /km2 (8 /sq mi)
Time Zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 86,904 square kilometres (33,554 sq mi)
Infant Mortality Rate 19%[3] (1981)


Leh is the capital of Ladakh and the main town in this Himalayan region. Leh is also famous as a cold desert.

Leh is well known for its adventure sports, like trekking, hiking, canoeing and rafting. One can also enjoy polo and archery here, plus cycling trips, mountain climbing and jeep safaris. Wildlife treks and Yak safaris are a major attraction in Leh. Another place of interest here is the Leh Palace, a nine storied palace dating back to the 7th century. The Victory Tower, atop the Namgyal hill and the monasteries such as the Shey, Thiksey, Namgyal Tsemo Gompa monastery and the Tak- Thok monastery are also places of interest.

From Leh a coarse path weaves over the awesome Khardung La pass, the highest pass accessible to vehicles. Away and beyond the pass is the Nubra valley crisscrossed by the Shyok and Nubra rivers. Nubra is the agricultural flatland of the Ladakhi’s.

Animals seen here are the Yak, Nyan, the world’s biggest sheep and the smallest sheep, the Urial.


The height at which Kargil is situated makes it ideal for mountain climbing, and trekking. Some popular trekking trails are the Padum- Phutkal trek, the Nun – Kun trek, Hemis- Zangla trek and the Lamarayyu trek.
The places of interest in Kargil like the Shargole monastery the Pangong Lake and the holy place of Sani are important tourist destinations.


Nestled between high mountain passes and accessible through the Shingo - La pass is the Zanskar, during winter Zanskar is reached by the ‘chador road’ which is actually the frozen Zanskar River. Zanskar has a rich cultural tradition and its best tourist attraction is its medieval monasteries. The biggest monastery is the ‘Karsha’ which has the finest collection of Zanskar mural art. Jeep safaris are the best mode of exploring Zanskar.


See Also Other Natural Wonders in Asia