Kazakhstan is officially known as the Republic of Kazakhstan. It is a transcontinental country in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. It is the world’s largest landlocked country spreading over an area of 2,727,300 square kilometers. Kazakhstan is declared as the ninth largest country in the world and is greater than Western Europe.
Kazakhstan is encircled by Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan to the north. It also borders a significant part of the Caspian Sea. Astana is the capital city of Kazakhstan. The first official language of Kazakhstan is Kazakh, and Russian is the second official language spoken by most Kazakhs.
Kazakhstan has a population of 16,455,000 people as per the 2011 estimate. This country lies between 40 degree and 56 degree north latitudes, and 46 degree and 88 degree east longitudes. Kazakhstan is made up of Akmola, Aktobe, Almaty, Almaty Province, Astana, Atyrau, Baikonur, East Kazakhstan, Jambyl, Karagandy, Kostanay, Kyzylorda, Mangystau, North Kazakhstan, Pavlodar, South Kazakhstan and West Kazakhstan.
Kazakhstan has an arid continental climate. The temperature in summer averages more than 30 degree Celsius and -12 degree Celsius in winters. The average temperature in January is -5 degree Celsius. Rainfall in Kazakhstan averages between 25 cm and 38 cm.
The following Lakes flow though Kazakhstan and are also shared with neighboring countries.
Kazakhstan has more than 276 mountains of which few are below;
Kazakhstan grows more than 6,000 species of plants.
Kazakhstan has 500 kinds of birds, 178 kinds of animals, 49 kinds of reptiles, 12 kinds of amphibians, and 107 kinds of fishes in lakes and rivers. Mollusks, worms, spiders, crustaceous and a wide variety of invertebrates and more than 30 thousand kinds are also found.
|Map of Kazakhstan|