Kansas Weather / Climate

Kansas Weather / Climate

Overview of the Climatic Conditions of Kansas

  • The climatic conditions observed in the state of Kansas can be classified into three broad categories. These categories are humid continental climate, semi arid climate and humid subtropical climate. More than two thirds of the region falling in the eastern area of the state experiences a humid continental type of climate.

  • This type is more dominant in the northeastern part of the state of Kansas. The climate in the winter season here is typically cold and the summers are the exact opposite. A huge part of the rainfall can be seen in the summer season and the spring season.

  • The western region of the state of Kansas has more of a semi arid type of climate. Here the humidity levels are extremely low which in turn renders the summers to be very hot. The near absence of humidity also means that in the winter season theclimate of this area is considerably warm or very cold.

  • In this area the annual average precipitation observed can be pegged to be approximately 40 cms. The Chinook winds also play an important role in the variation observed in the climatic conditions in the western areas of Kansas. As these winds are essentially warm in nature the temperature in the winter can go up to a comfortable 27 degrees Celsius.

  • The southern region of the state of Kansas has a more humid and sub tropical type of climate. The humidity levels in this area are pretty high when compared to the rest of the state. Thus the summer season can prove to be hot but coupled with humid weather as well.

  • The winter season is not that cold and the levels of precipitation in this region are also high when compared to the rest of the state. Of all the three types ofweather mentioned above, a few common traits can be observed mostly throughout the state of Kansas.

  • This results in the winters being milder or even droughts occurring due to less humidity levels in the region etc.

Precipitation Levels in the State of Kansas

  • The southeastern region of the state of Kansas receives the highest amount of precipitation. An annual average of this region is in the vicinity of 46 inches. The southwestern region on the other hand receives around 16 inches of precipitation on an average per year.

  • The southern part receives less snowfall owing to the climatic conditions (5 inches). It is the northern parts wherein most of the snowfall is concentrated i.e. 35 inches. Out of the 365 days in the year, 200 days are frost free in the southern region.

  •  The northwestern region enjoys 130 frost free days in a year. When compared with the rest of the states in America one can safely rate Kansas to be the ninth or maybe the tenth position in the list of the sunniest states in America.

Other Climatic Variables

  • Though Kansas is considered to be a sunny state, due to various other factors at play one can witness a lot of instances of Tornadoes and thunderstorms in Kansas.

  • The state of Kansas is located at a climatic distribution boundary and thus due to the location one can observe thunderstorms of a huge magnitude in spring. Tornadoes are nothing but a result of such thunderstorms.

  • In fact most of the tornadoes are reported to be of the strength of F3 or even higher. Such strong tornadoes certainly pose a lot of risk to human and animal life in Kansas. The number of tornadoes taking place annually in Kansas has surpassed mostly all of the states in America.

Kansas has also recorded the highest number of F5 strength tornadoes which incidentally are the strongest tornadoes known. On an average, the state of Kansas reports at least 50 tornadoes every year.

Kansas Average Temperature

Monthly Normal High and Low Temperatures For Various Kansas Cities
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Concordia 36/17 43/22 54/31 64/41 74/52 85/62 91/67 88/66 80/56 68/44 51/30 40/21
Dodge City 41/19 48/24 57/31 67/41 76/52 87/62 93/67 91/66 82/56 70/44 54/30 44/22
Goodland 39/16 45/20 53/26 63/35 72/46 84/56 89/61 87/60 78/50 66/38 50/25 41/18
Topeka 37/17 44/23 56/33 66/43 75/53 84/63 89/68 88/65 80/56 69/44 53/32 41/22
Wichita 40/20 47/25 57/34 67/44 76/54 87/64 93/69 92/68 82/59 70/47 54/34 43/24

Kansas Weather Records

Record High Temperature: 121 degrees*, Alton, KS 7/24/36
Record Low Temperature: -40 degrees, Lebanon, KS 2/13/1905.
24 hour record rainfall: 12.59 inches, Burlington, KS 5/31-6/1/41.
Annual precipitation record: 71.99 inches, Hiawatha, KS 1973.
Average number of tornadoes: 59 per year.(1950-2008)
Most tornadoes in one year: 187 in 2008
Least amount of precipitation in one year: 4.77 inches, Johnson, KS 1956.
Record snowfall in a season: 102.0 inches
Record snowfall in 24 hours: 30 inches. Pratt, KS. March 27th-28th 2009
Highest recorded windspeed: Not documented yet.
Largest documented hailstone: 9/3/70