Kansas History

Kansas State History

Kansas State Information


State of Kansas
Kansas State Official Language(s) English
Kansas State Demonym Kansan
Kansas State Capital Topeka
Kansas State Largest City Wichita
Kansas State Largest Metro Area Kansas portion of Kansas City, MO-KS Metro Area
Kansas State Area  Ranked 15th in the US
 - Total 82,277 sq mi
(213,096 km2)
 - Width 417 miles (645 km)
 - Length 211 miles (340 km)
 - % water 0.56
 - Latitude 37° N to 40° N
 - Longitude 94° 35′ W to 102° 3′ W
Kansas State Population  Ranked 33rd in the US
 - Total 2,818,747 (2009 est.)
2,688,418 (2000)
- Density 32.9/sq mi  (12.7/km2)
Ranked 40th in the US
 - Median income  $50,177 (25th)
Kansas State Elevation  
 - Highest point Mount Sunflower
4,039 ft  (1,232 m)
 - Mean 2,000 ft  (600 m)
 - Lowest point Verdigris River
679 ft  (207 m)
Kansas State Before Statehood Kansas Territory
Kansas State Admission to Union  January 29, 1861 (34th)
Kansas State Governor Mark Parkinson (D)
Kansas State Lieutenant Governor Troy Findley (D)
Kansas State Legislature Kansas Legislature
 - Upper house Senate
 - Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
U.S. House delegation Jerry Moran (R)
Lynn Jenkins (R)
Dennis Moore (D)
Todd Tiahrt (R)
Kansas State Time Zones  
 - most of state Central: UTC-6/-5
 - 4 western counties Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Kansas State Abbreviations KS US-KS
Kansas State Website http://www.kansas.gov


Kansas State Symbols


Kansas State Symbols
  • Amphibian: Barred Tiger Salamander
  • Animal: Buffalo
  • Fish: Channel Catfish
  • Bird: Western Meadowlark
  • Flower: Sunflower
  • Insect: European honey bee
  • Motto: Ad astra per aspera, or "To the stars through difficulties"
  • Reptile: Ornate Box Turtle
  • Soil: Harney silt loam
  • Song: "Home on the Range"
  • Tree: cottonwood
  • Seal: Symbols of Commerce (river, steamboat) and agriculture (farmer plowing) Adopted 1861


History of Kansas State

Kansas: History

  • Like many other states of the United States of America, Kansas was also occupied by the Native Americans from the beginning. The history of Kansas also witnessed exploration expeditions of explorers from European continents. Francisco Vásquez de Coronado was the earliest explorer from Europe to reach Kansas in the year 1541.

  • During the Louisiana Purchase that took place in the year 1803, Kansas became an integral part of USA, although much of its southwestern part had to be secured from Spain, Mexico and Republic of Texas in the Mexican-American War. This war was fought in the year 1848.

  • The Santa Fe Trail, which was used to move products and goods passed through Kansas in the years between 1821 and 1880. The wagon ruts of the Santa Fe Trail can be witnessed even now in and around the prairie. The Santa Fe Trail was also used to transport silver and fur.

  • In the history of Kansas, the white Americans made the Fort Leavenworth their earliest quarters in the year 1827 and their numbers increased in this area right after the Kansas-Nebraska Act which was passed in the year 1854. This act was the one that created the two states of Kansas and Nebraska. The area of Kansas comprised of places like Denver, Pueblo and Colorado Springs as it happened to extend as far as the Continental Divide.

  • The state of Kansas was the 34th state to become a part of United States of America on 29th January, 1861 and stood as a state free from slaves to be a part of the union. Prior to achieving statehood, the state of Kansas was known by the name of Kansas Territory. Topeka became the capital city of the state of Kansas.

  • William Quantrill was denied commission since his attack on Lawrence demolished the city of Lawrence and killed about 250 innocent people.  This attack leveled him with charges of domestic terrorism.

  • The history of Kansas has been favorable to the war veterans of the American Civil War, as numerous veterans who fought the war made Kansas their home. It was also favorable for the African Americans as numerous black colonies were set up in the state of Kansas. John Brown and Benjamin Singleton are given credit for helping the African Americans to settle down in the state of Kansas.

  • When the constitutional amendment banning liquor was passed by the Senate and the House of Representatives, the state of Kansas came to be known as the 1st state in the United States of America to recognize this prohibition. The ban came into effect in the year 1881, 19th January in the state of Kansas.

  • The people of the state of Kansas are known for serving in the armed forces since the beginning. The state of Kansas was the first place where the actual battle started during the American Civil War. Throughout the history of Kansas, the people were known to have served in the forces especially during the Mexican revolution. Approximately 90,000 soldiers from Kansas got themselves recruited to provide their valuable services along the border of Mexico and United States of America.

  • Even during World War I, the people from the state of Kansas recruited themselves in the army and were primarily a part of the Infantry divisions numbered 35, 42, 89 and 92. These infantry divisions fought war against Germany, Bulgaria and Turkey.

  • During the Cold War, the state of Kansas served as a defense for the United States of America by working on developing technologies and weapons to defend United States of America in case of a potential nuclear attack from the enemy. The deadly and dangerous ICBM’s (intercontinental ballistic missiles) were placed in underground facilities in the state of Kansas during 1950 to 1960. But in the 1980s, these facilities that were home to ICBM’s were decommissioned.

Kansas Economy


Largest Employers
Rank Business Employees Location Industry
1 Sprint Nextel 12,000 Overland Park Telecommunications
2 Cessna 11,300 Wichita Aviation
3 Spirit AeroSystems 10,900 Wichita Aviation
4 Hawker Beechcraft 6,767 Wichita Aviation
5 Embarq 3,800 Overland Park Telecommunications
6 Black & Veatch 3,800 Overland Park Engineering
7 Boeing 3,005 Wichita Aviation
8 Farmers Insurance 3,000 Olathe Insurance
9 YRC Worldwide 2,600 Overland Park Trucking
10 Garmin 2,500 Olathe GPS Technology
11 Learjet 2,250 Wichita Aviation
12 Koch Industries 2,000 Wichita Chemicals/Materials
13 Schwan Food Company 2,000 Salina Food
14 Collective Brands 1,700 Topeka Apparel
15 Blue Cross and Blue Shield 1,603 Topeka Insuranc


Kansas Sports



Club Sport League City
Kansas City Wizards Soccer Major League Soccer Kansas City
Kansas City T-Bones Baseball Northern League Kansas City
Kansas Koyotes Indoor Football American Professional Football League Topeka
Topeka Golden Giants Baseball National Baseball Congress Topeka
Topeka Mudcats Football Women's Spring Football League Topeka
Topeka Roadrunners Ice hockey North American Hockey League Topeka
Wichita Thunder Ice hockey Central Hockey League Wichita
Wichita Wild Indoor Football Indoor Football League Park City
Wichita Wingnuts Baseball American Association Wichita


Important Dates in Kansas's History


Important Dates in Kansas's History
July–August 1541 
Coronado explores Kansas
April 30, 1803 
Louisiana Purchase Treaty signed
May 30, 1854 
Kansas Territory organized
July 29, 1859 
Constitution adopted by convention
January 29, 1861
Kansas becomes 34th state
August 21, 1863
Quantrill's Raid on Lawrence
Spring 1879
February 19, 1881 
First state to Constitutionally prohibit alcohol
Populist Revolt
July 1951
Great Flood of 1951
May 17, 1954 
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka


List of Colleges and Universities in Kansas

Private Colleges and Universities

  • Art Institute International-Kansas City, The
  • Associated Mennonite Biblical Seminary - Great Plains
  • Baker University
  • Barclay College
  • Benedictine College
  • Bethany College
  • Bethel College
  • Brown Mackie
  • Central Christian College
  • Cleveland Chiropractic College
  • Friends University
  • Hesston College
  • ITT Technical Institute, Wichita Kansas
  • Kansas College of Chinese Medicine, LLC
  • Kansas Wesleyan University
  • Manhattan Christian College
  • Marymount College
  • McPherson College
  • MidAmerica Nazarene University
  • National American University - Overland Park
  • Newman University
  • Ottawa University
  • St. Mary's College and Academy
  • Southwestern College
  • Sterling College
  • Tabor College
  • University of Saint Mary
  • Vatterott College

Public Colleges and Universities

State Universities

  • Emporia State University
  • Fort Hays State University
  • Kansas State University
  • Pittsburg State University
  • University of Kansas
  • Wichita State University

Municipal universities

  • Washburn University

Federal or Military Colleges and Universities

  • Haskell Indian Nations University
  • United States Army Command and General Staff College

Community colleges

  • Allen County Community College
  • Barton County Community College
  • Butler County Community College
  • Cloud County Community College
  • Coffeyville Community College and Area Technical School
  • Colby Community College
  • Cowley County Community College
  • Dodge City Community College
  • Fort Scott Community College
  • Garden City Community College
  • Highland Community College
  • Hutchinson Community College
  • Independence Community College
  • Johnson County Community College
  • Kansas City Kansas Community College
  • Labette Community College
  • Neosho County Community College
  • Pratt Community College
  • Seward County Community College

Technical colleges and schools

  • American Institute of Baking
  • Coffeyville Community College and Area Technical School
  • Flint Hills Technical College
  • Kansas City Kansas Area Technical School
  • Kaw Area Technical School (Now Washburn Institute of Technology)
  • Manhattan Area Technical College
  • North Central Kansas Technical College
  • Northeast Kansas Technical College
  • Northwest Kansas Technical College
  • Pinnacle Career Institute
  • Salina Area Technical School
  • Southwest Kansas Technical School
  • Wichita Area Technical College