Kansas Geography

Geography of Kansas State

Kansas: Geography

  • The state of Kansas is positioned in the Midwestern region of United States of America, such that it is surrounded by other states from all sides.

  • In all, the area of the state of Kansas is approximately 82,277 square miles and the state is comprised of water bodies which sum up to 0.56 % of the total area of the state. The city of Topeka is the capital city of the state of Kansas. The biggest city with regards to the total area is Wichita.

  • Altogether, the total number of counties in the state of Kansas sums up to 105 and total number of cities which are a part of the state of Kansas sum up to 628.

  • The state of Kansas lies in 37° North latitude to 40° North latitude and longitude 94° 35′ W to 102° 3′ W longitude and its Central part lies in the time zone UTC -6 / -5. Some of the counties that are a part of the mountainous region of the state of Kansas lie in the time zone -7 / -6.

  • In terms of population, the state of Kansas comes 33rd among the other states of United States of America. The total population of the state of Kansas can be summed up to about 2,900,000 with a ‘population density’ of about 33 people per square mile, which is categorized 40th amongstthe other states of United States of America.

  • It was previously believed that the state of Kansas had the most flat and even surface of land among the states of United States of America. However, this belief is false as the typical elevation in the state of Kansas is about 2000 feet. This average height is more than most of the states of United States of America. The tallest elevated tip in the state of Kansas is Mount Sunflower which has a total elevated height of about 4039 feet and the lowest elevated part in the state of Kansas is about 679 ft that is the River Verdigris.

  • The state of Kansas is surrounded by other states of United States of America on all its sides. Nebraska lies on the northern part of Kansas, with Oklahoma situated on its southern side and the state of Colorado bordering the state of Kansas on its western side.

  • The state of Kansas consists of varied list of rocks such as sedimentary rocks which dip towards the west and also progress horizontally. The state of Kansas also has series of rocks on its east and southern regions which comprise of rocks named Mississippian rocks and Pennsylvanian rocks. On the western region of the state, one can find rocks known as Cretaceous which were formed when the Rocky Mountains were wearing away. To the northeast region of the state of Kansas, one can find glacial drifts and loess.

  • About 2/3rd of the state’s total land mass towards the western side is flat and is a rolling surface, which is situated on the Great Central Plains that are well known in United States of America. The remaining 1/3rd part that lies on the eastern side consists of scores of forests and hilly region.

  • River Missouri makes up about 75 miles of the north east part of the state of Kansas and meets the River Kansas (which is said to be created due to the Smoky Hills) and the Republican rivers at the City of Kansas, after covering a distance of approximately about 170 miles.

River Arkansas has numerous branches named the Little Arkansas, River Cow Creek, River Cimarron, River Neosho, and the River Verdigris, to name a few. The River Arkansas starts off its journey from the state of Colorado and runs roughly about 500 miles from the west region to the south regions of the state of Kansas. Apart from these rivers, the state of Kansas also has other rivers such as River Saline, Smoky Hill River, River Delaware, and the River Solomon.

The Geography of Kansas

 

Longitude / Latitude Longitude: 94° 38'W to 102° 1' 34"W
Latitude: 37°N to 40°N
Length x Width Kansas is about 400 miles long and 210 miles wide.
Geographic Center
Explanation
The geographic center of Kansas state is located in Barton County, 15 miles NE of Great Bend.
Longitude: 98° 41.9'W
Latitude: 38° 29.9'N
Borders Kansas is bordered by Nebraska (North) and Oklahoma (South). East is Missouri and West is Colorado.
Total Area Kansas covers 82,282 square miles(15th largest state)
Land Area 81,823 square miles of Kansas are land areas.
Water Area 459 square miles of Kansas are covered by water.
Highest Point The highest point in Kansas is Mount Sunflower at 4,039 feet above sea level.
Lowest Point The lowest point in Kansas is the Verdigris River at 679 feet above sea level.
Mean Elevation The Mean Elevation of the state of Kansas is 2,000 feet above sea level.
Major Rivers Arkansas River, Kansas River, Missouri River, Republican River, Smoky Hill River
Major Lakes Cheney Reservoir, Tuttle Creek Reservoir

 

National Parks and Historic Sites

  • Brown v. Board Of Education National Historic Site in Topeka
  • California National Historic Trail
  • Fort Larned National Historic Site in Larned
  • Fort Scott National Historic Site
  • Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail
  • Nicodemus National Historic Site at Nicodemus
  • Oregon National Historic Trail
  • Pony Express National Historic Trail
  • Santa Fe National Historic Trail
  • Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve near Strong City

Geology of Kansas

Physiographic Regions

  • Ozark plateau
  • Cherokee lowlands
  • Osage Cuestas
  • Chautauqua Hills
  • Flint Hills
  • Red Hills
  • Smoky Hills
  • High Plains
  • Glaciated Region
  • Wellington-McPherson Lowlands
  • Arkansas River Lowlands

List of Rivers of Kansas

Mississippi River Basin

Arkansas River Basin

  • Arkansas River
    • Neosho River
      • Spring River
      • Cottonwood River
    • Verdigris River
      • Caney River
      • Elk River
      • Fall River
    • Cimarron River
      • North Fork Cimarron River
    • Salt Fork Arkansas River
      • Chikaskia River
      • Medicine Lodge River
    • Grouse Creek
    • Walnut River
      • Little Walnut River
      • Whitewater River
    • Ninnescah River
      • North Fork Ninnescah River
      • South Fork Ninnescah River
    • Little Arkansas River
    • Cow Creek
    • Rattlesnake Creek
    • Walnut Creek
    • Pawnee River
      • Buckner Creek

Missouri River Basin

  • Missouri River
    • Osage River (MO)
      • Little Osage River
        • Marmaton River
      • Marais des Cygnes River
    • Blue River
    • Kansas River
      • Stranger Creek
      • Wakarusa River
      • Delaware River
      • Big Blue River
        • Black Vermillion River
        • Little Blue River
      • Republican River
        • Buffalo Creek
        • White Rock Creek
        • Prairie Dog Creek
        • Sappa Creek
        • Beaver Creek
          • Little Beaver Creek
        • Arikaree River
      • Smoky Hill River
        • Solomon River
          • North Fork Solomon River
          • South Fork Solomon River
        • Saline River
        • Big Creek
        • Hackberry Creek
        • Ladder Creek
    • Wolf River
    • Big Nemaha River

Alphabetically

  • Arikaree River
  • Arkansas River
  • Beaver Creek
  • Big Blue River
  • Big Creek
  • Big Nemaha River
  • Black Vermillion River
  • Blue River
  • Buckner Creek
  • Buffalo Creek
  • Caney River
  • Chikaskia River
  • Cimarron River
  • Cottonwood River
  • Cow Creek
  • Delaware River
  • Elk River
  • Fall River
  • Grouse Creek
  • Hackberry Creek
  • Kansas River
  • Ladder Creek
  • Little Arkansas River
  • Little Beaver Creek
  • Little Blue River
  • Little Osage River
  • Little Walnut River
  • Marais des Cygnes River
  • Marmaton River
  • Medicine Lodge River
  • Missouri River
  • Neosho River
  • Ninnescah River
  • Pawnee River
  • Prairie Dog Creek
  • Rattlesnake Creek
  • Republican River
  • Saline River
  • Salt Fork Arkansas River
  • Sappa Creek
  • Smoky Hill River
  • Solomon River
  • Spring River
  • Stranger Creek
  • Verdigris River
  • Wakarusa River
  • Walnut Creek
  • Walnut River
  • White Rock Creek
  • Whitewater River
  • Wolf River