The Old City of Jerusalem of is a 220 acre walled area within the city of Jerusalem that is historically significant. The Old City is also religiously significant for the followers of Judaism, Christianity and Islam
Unlike other historical cities, the Old City of Jerusalem is not empty or abandoned; people live here even today.
The Old City and Walls are over 3000 years old and as a first-time visitor you will be overwhelmed when you first set foot into the monument. King David is credited to have built the Old City in the year 1004 BC.
Walls as high as 4 kilometers surround the Old City. Construction of the walls began in the year 1537 and continued upto the year 1541, during the reign of the Ottoman Sultan - Suleiman the magnificent.
|The Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|State Party||No nation named by UNESCO
Site proposed by Jordan
|Criteria||ii, iii, vi|
|Jerusalem Old City and Walls Inscription History|
|Inscription||1981 (5th Session)|
The Old City is divided into 4 quarters. The outer walls of the Old City have seven gates .
The Jewish Quarter is quite different from the rest of the Old City because most of the buildings were razed to the ground and later, rebuilt. The Wailing Wall or the Western Wall is 2000 years old and considered holy by the Jews. It is a remnant of the Temple Mount. Other places of interest in the Jewish Quarter in the Old City are the Cardo, Saint Mary’s Hospice, the Broad Wall, and Ophel Archaeological Park.
This is the smallest area of the city whose gates are closed at night. The Citadelis an imposing fortress whose excavated remains place it back to the second century BC. The Saint James Cathedral and the Armenian Museum are very interesting places that you can visit.
The Christian Quarter is home to several churches and hospices. Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Lutheran Church of the Redeemer and Muristan are other places you could visit.
This is the largest and most densely populated quarter in the Old City that houses the al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock but they cannot be visited by non-muslims.
Outside the walls of the Old City you can see King David’s Tomb, Chamber of the Holocaust, the City of David, Schindler’s Tomb and Church of the Dormition.
|English||Hebrew||Arabic||Alternative names||Construction Year||Location|
|New Gate||HaSha'ar HeHadash||Al-Bab al-Jedid||Gate of Hammid||1887||West of northern side|
|Damascus Gate||Sha'ar Shkhem||Bab al-Amoud||Sha'ar Damesek, Nablus Gate, Gate of the Pillar||1537||Middle of northern side|
|Herod's Gate||Sha'ar HaPerachim||Bab al-Sahira||Sha'ar Hordos, Flower Gate, Sheep Gate||unknown||East of northern side|
|Lions' Gate||Sha'ar HaArayot||Bab al-Asbatt /Bab Sittna Maryam||Gate of Yehoshafat, St. Stephen's Gate, Gate of the Tribes||1538-39||North of eastern side|
|Dung Gate||Sha'ar HaAshpot||Bab al-Maghariba ( )||Gate of Silwan, Sha'ar HaMugrabim||1538-40||East of southern side|
|Zion Gate||Sha'ar Tzion||Bab El-Nabi Da'oud||Gate to the Jewish Quarter||1540||Middle of southern side|
|Jaffa Gate||Sha'ar Yaffo||Bab al-Khalil||The Gate of David's Prayer Shrine, Porta Davidi||1530-40||Middle of western side|
|Golden Gate||Sha'ar HaRahamim||Bab al-Rahma||6th century||Middle of eastern side|
|Single Gate||Herodian period||Southern wall of Temple Mount|
|Double Gate||Herodian period||Southern wall of Temple Mount|
|Huldah Gates||Herodian period||Southern wall of Temple Mount|