Jammu and Kashmir

Kashmir Information

Kashmir, the ‘Paradise on Earth’ lies in the north-western region of India.  Kashmir broadly consists of three diverse regions, the Kashmir valley itself, the crown of India, Jammu-the winter capital and Ladakh which is bounded by the mighty mountain the Karakoram and the Great Himalaya.  The flora of Kashmir is a proliferation of the majestic chinar whose beauty is to be seen to be believed, the walnut, almond and the rare saffron which grows only in Kashmir.

The wildlife of this region is a tribute to the Himalayan ecosystem,   the elusive snow leopard, the Himalayan black bear, the majestic Hangul, the Tibetan antelope, the yak and many species of rare birds.
The cuisine of Kashmir is without equal, the ‘Wazwan’ is the ultimate banquet which comprises of 36 courses including dishes such as ‘tabakh maaz, rogan gosht, aab gosht, and the ghustaba.

Some of the important places for tourist are Srinagar, Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Sonamarg, Wullar Lake, Leh, Zanskar, Kargil, and Krimchi.

Jammu and Kashmir Information

Coordinates 33.45°N 76.24°E
Country India
District(s) 22
Established 1947-10-26
Capital • Jammu (winter)
• Srinagar (summer)
Largest city Srinagar
Governor Narinder Nath Vohra
Chief Minister Omar Abdullah
Legislature (seats) Bicameral (89 + 36)

• Density

10,143,700 (18th)

• 100 /km2 (259 /sq mi)

HDI (2005) + 0.601 (medium) (17th)
Literacy 66.7% (21st)
Official languages Urdu, Kashmiri, Dogri
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 222236 km2 (85806 sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 IN-JK
Website jammukashmir.nic.in
List of Hotels in Jammu and Kashmir

Kashmir and Jammu (Princely State)

Historical Era New Imperialism
 - Established 1846
 - Partition of India 1947
Today Part of  India


Jammu and Kashmir

Kashmir Valley

The picturesque Kashmir valley is defined by its natural beauty, snow capped mountains, tall chinar trees and the famous Dal Lake, where lazily floating houseboats, packed with colorful flowers are a sight that stays with a person forever.  The famous attractions here are the floating vegetable and fruit market, held in secluded tree lined canals, the famous Moghal gardens, golf courses and the unique shikara and houseboat rides on the Dal Lake.

The Dal Lake is interconnected to the Nagin Lake by a narrow water channel and the pleasantly gliding houseboats also make shopping possible as there are fully stocked houseboats on the lake, where you can shop for anything.  The Wullar Lake, which is also Asia’s largest fresh water lake, is another attraction of Kashmir.  The long expanse of gentle water is dotted on both sides by quaint villages, colorful fields and gives a glimpse of life of Kashmir.

Equally fascinating are the gardens of Kashmir, which owe their existence to the Mughal ruler who built expansive gardens that showcase the exquisite beauty of Kashmir.  Most of the gardens like the Mughal Garden, Shalimar,   the Nishat garden, and the Jarogabal Garden still exist and captivate tourist with their beauty.

In recent years the Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip garden boasts of 12 lakh tulip bulbs of 68 varieties in different colors create a breathtaking sight. It is here that the Tulip festival is held in April.  Other festivals celebrated here are the Baisakhi festival, the Kheer Bhawani festival, the Gurez festival and the saffron festival.

The important places of pilgrimage here are Amaranth, Sureshwar, Tripeshwar and Hareshwar and the Hazratbal shrine.

The valley is also famous for its exquisite flowers, fresh and dry fruits and the saffron.  The jewelry and intricate silverware along with the finely woven carpets and rugs, and fine handicrafts make Kashmir a popular place for tourists.

Jammu Information

Jammu is the winter capital of the State of Kashmir with the Trikuta range as a picturesque backdrop.  Aptly named as the ‘City of Temples’ with the Mata Vaisno Devi, Gauri Kund, the Peer Koh cave temple, and the Raghunath temple are few of its famous temples.  A visit to the Amar Mahal Palace, the water sports of rafting, and canoeing, mountaineering and trekking are some of the popular activities that tourists can do.

Jammu is famous for its delicate handicrafts, silks, carpets, wickerwork, and miniature paintings.

Ladakh perched on the highest point is a dominated by monasteries and the Buddhist culture.

Kasmir is a tourist’s paradise an experience that stays with a person forever.

Jammu and Kashmir Divisions

Jammu Region
  1. Kathua District
  2. Jammu District
  3. Samba District
  4. Udhampur District
  5. Reasi District
  6. Rajouri District
  7. Poonch District
  8. Doda District
  9. Ramban District
  10. Kishtwar District
  1. Kashmir Valley Region
  2. Anantnag District
  3. Kulgam District
  4. Pulwama District
  5. Shopian District
  6. Budgam District
  7. Srinagar District
  8. Ganderbal District
  9. Bandipora District
  10. Baramulla District
  11. Kupwara District
  1. Ladakh Region
  2. Kargil District
  3. Leh District

Jammu and Kashmir Demographics

Division Population Muslim Hindu Sikh Buddhist / Other
Kashmir (53.9%) 5,476,970 97.16% 1.84% 0.88% 0.11%
Jammu (43.7%) 4,430,191 30.69% 65.23% 3.57% 0.51%
Ladakh (2.3%) 236,539 47.40% 6.22% 45.87%
Jammu & Kashmir 10,143,700 66.97% 29.63% 2.03% 1.36%


Administered By Area Population Muslim Hindu Buddhist Other
India Kashmir valley ~4 million 95% 4%
  Jammu ~3 million 30% 66% 4%
  Ladakh ~0.25 million 46% (Shia) 50% 3%
Pakistan Northern Areas ~1 million 99%
  Azad Kashmir ~2.6 million 100%
China Aksai Chin

Jammu and Kashmir Cities

  • Jammu
  • Srinagar
  • Gulmarg
  • Katra
  • Leh
  • Pahalgam
  • Patnitop
  • Udhampur
  • Zab Baihk

List of Lakes in Jammu and Kashmir

  • Dal Lake
  • Nagin Lake
  • Wular Lake
  • Manasbal
  • Pangong Lake 
  • Tsomo-riri Lake
  • Tsokar Lake
  • Mansar Lake
  • Surinsar Lake

List of Gardens in Jammu and Kashmir

  • Mughal Garden, Shalimar
  • Nishat Garden
  • Pari Mahal
  • Harwan
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Botanical Garden, Cheshmashahi, Srinagar
  • Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden
  • Jharokha Mughal Garden, Manasbal
  • Mughal Garden, Achabal, Anantnag
  • Darashikoh Bagh, Bijbehara, Anantnag
  • Botanical Garden Kokernag, Anantnag
  • Mughal Garden, Verinag Anantnag
  • Bagh e Bahu

Popular Peaks (Kashmir )

  • Kolahoi (5425 m)
  • Harmukh (5148 m)
  • Tattakutti (4742 m)
  • Sunset (4745 m)

Notable Mountain Peaks in Jammu and Kashmir

  • Nun Kun
  • Stok Kangri
  • Saser Kangri


See Also Other Natural Wonders in Asia